Mites and Ticks - Tick bites, Signs and Symptoms
Ticks are small spiderlike animals (arachnids) that bite to fasten themselves onto the skin and feed on blood. Bite of a tick (mite) can transmit the bacterium Borrelia to you, and in rare cases cause severe inflammation in the form of the disease 'Lyme disease', as some ticks carry within themselves. It is therefore important to verify that you do not have a tick attached after a walk in the woods. The bite from a tick bite is not dangerous. You can even remove the tick, but consult your doctor if you get a ring-shaped rash or paralysis. The tick has high season from April to October and thrive in a moist, shady ground. Particularly in deciduous forests and glades of tall grass where the tick sits on top of a straw, from which it may hold in the legs or arms. It is seen first as a small black spot on the skin. Later, when it sucks blood, it grows, and you can see the body and head, where it has drilled down into the skin. It takes two days from the tick takes hold, and until it has transferred 'Lyme disease'. It should be removed as quickly as possible.
Lyme disease is referred to as an infectious disease that can result from the bite of the tick. Lyme disease, or Lyme borreliosis, is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia. If you become infected with Borrelia, you can develop two different diseases, both of which should be treated with antibiotics. One scenario is a ring-shaped rash, you may experience headaches, sore body and slight fever. The second scenario is inflammation of the nervous system, which fortunately happens very rarely.
Ticks and the Tick bite
Ticks are small spiderlike animals (arachnids) that bite to fasten themselves onto the skin and feed on blood. A tick is a blood-sucking mite. If you get a tick on it, it will often wander to a warm, damp and dark place on the body eg groin or armpits, but can really settle anywhere. Here it bites stuck and begins to suck blood. You feel generally no bite and typically will not find the tick when you catch sight of it - and a little redness of the skin around the tick. That does not mean that you have been infected with Borrelia bacteria. Redness around the bite due to irritation from tick. Some do not realize that they have been bitten by a tick. After a few days after the tick has received enough blood, it falls on its own. A bite of a tick has per se harmless, but some may be of the bit ticks transmit the bacterium Borrelia in humans. In rare cases it can cause severe inflammation in the form of the disease 'Lyme disease', as some ticks carry within themselves. Disease occurs only at about 2 percent of all tick bites. Basically, you should remove a tick as soon as possible to avoid infection.
How To Remove A Tick?
If the tick has managed to take hold, sits with his head down in the skin. Here, the suction, so that its large abdomen is filled with blood. When you have to remove it, you have the whole tick out. The important thing is that you do not squeeze the ticks body where borrelia bacterium found. Remove with tweezers grasp the tick as far down on your head as possible. Turn the tick around a few times, and pull slowly and cool until it lets go with the head intact. Or better yet use a special tick-rod which is inserted under the tick and then tipped up (available at pharmacies). The pharmacy also offers a Tick-remover, tick which effectively freeze to death using a special cooling spray. Regardless of method, always wash the bite site with soap and water or with a liquid disinfectant to prevent infection. If you have been bitten by a tick and have removed it, the risk of 'Lyme disease' is so small that there is no need for preventive treatment with penicillin.
Never Ignore: Ring-shaped rash
The first signals of a tick bite may be a growing red spot around the place where the tick has bitten. The red spot (rash) typically appears 1-4 weeks after the bite. Ticks are usually at the time of fall. While flushing becomes progressively larger and larger, the skin around the bite pale and almost normal colored. This rash appears to resemble a ring that spreads like a "fairy ring". Many will also experience flu-like symptoms such as headache, mild fever, fatigue and joint pain. Contact your doctor if there develops a ring-shaped rash where the tick has bitten. Infection with 'Borrelia' should be treated with antibiotics.
Inflammation of the Nervous system
It is fortunately very rare that a tick bite leads to inflammation of the nervous system. Every year, thousands of people who are infected with Lyme disease, inflammation of the nervous system. Neuroborreliosis and hence the symptoms of inflammation of the nervous system develops from one week and up to 4 to 5 months after the bite. Perhaps you have forgotten that one a while ago have been bitten - or have not discovered it. Symptoms often begin with back pain, typically between the shoulder blades and neck. Typically, radiant pain in both arms, just as one will experience loss of strength or paralysis of one facial half. More rarely occur prolonged headache, fever, decreased appetite, weight loss and severe fatigue. Contact your Doctor immediately upon suspicion of inflammation in the nervous system. That is, if you get paralysis of the arms, legs or in one half of the face. Neuroborreliosis always requires treatment with antibiotics, often during hospitalization.
Special tick diseases
TBE: Can not treated, but only prevented. So far only found a few places in this country. TBE can cause a serious viral disease encephalitis. - Lyme Disease: Very prevalent. It is transmitted when the tick is in a long time on the skin. One can treat with antibiotics, however after the treatment, the disease can cause severe neurological damage. - Rabbit Pest: Less often ticks disease that can be treated with antibiotics. - Anaplasmosis: A rare tick disease is treatable with antibiotics. - N. mikurensis: A relatively new bacterium. Discovered not by a normal bacterial analysis. Symptoms of infection are high fever for a long time, sore joints, rash and small clots. Can be treated with antibiotics and is considered slightly less dangerous than other known tick diseases.