Sprains - First Aid Joint Injury
Sprains are strong distortions of joints with partial or complete tearing of ligaments. The stronger the twisting part is exposed, the greater the risk of a serious sprain. All part of a joint capsule can in principle be sprained, but sprains seen mostly in the ankle, finger and knee joints. When you distort a part, there is also an unnatural stretching of the ligaments that support the joint and there comes a tender swelling in the area and perhaps in the joint. For more serious distortions may ligament rupture in whole or in part, and the bone may break. Ankle Sprain is the most common type of sprain. The damage happens when you wiggle the foot while turning it, so the ligaments in the ankle outside destroyed. This causes strong acute pain, and ankle rises sharply up. Sprains graduated:
- Grade 1 - mild stretching of the ligament without instability in the joint. That is a slight damage to the ligament that is so limited that it only affects sports and activities quite easily in a few weeks.
- Grade 2 - partial rupture of the ligament complex with mild instability in the joint. That is to say partial tearing of the ligament. Swelling, pain, limitation of motion in the wrist, often discoloration and minor bleeding in the area. The ankle will now feels somewhat unstable and cause discomfort for 2-3 months.
- Grade 3 - complete rupture of the complex with ligament instability in the joint. That is to say complete tearing of the ligament. Considerable swelling around the ankle and often the entire foot. The ankle hurts when it moves into extreme positions. Press directly on the site of injury is too painful. Results in significant restriction of movement and disinclination to move the ankle. There will be a discoloration on the outside of the ankle and instability in the joint and the genes for several months.
Most sprains are mild or moderate, which can be treated by cooling the area and a comfortable elastic binding tightly around the joint for a few days. Consult a doctor if the swelling does not disappear during a 3-4 days or if it is very painful when you try to move the sprained joints.
First Aid of Sprains
A sprain is treated immediately with cooling of the area and a comfortable elastic binding tightly around the joint the next few days. Cool the area for half an hour with an ice pack or bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel. Pause with cooling the next half hour and then continue the next 5-6 hours alternately with and without cooling. While this treatment places as mentioned a suitably tight elastic binding around the joint. A bandage too tight / pressing the swollen area, but it may not cans or create problems with blood flow. Using the tight bandage 1-2 days, possibly longer with continued swelling. The dressing should be loosened or removed during the night.
Keep peace with the injured area, preferably raised as high as possible, so it is above heart level for the first day until the swelling has subsided. Subsequently, the load of the joint increases gradually. Painkillers or arthritis tablets (anti-inflammatory) to help the first day such Panodil Zapp and Voltaren gel. Contact your doctor if the swelling does not disappear during a 3-4 days or if swelling becomes very severe or if it is very painful when you try to move the sprained joints.
Ankle Sprain is the most common sports injury and the most common type of sprain. The damage happens when you wiggle the foot while turning it, so the ligaments in the ankle outside destroyed. Such a sprain leads to the ankle joint swollen, hurts, get hot and discolour. Ankle joint can also feels loose. The ankle sprain, the joint capsule and one or more ligaments of the stretched, as are small lacerations of the loom. The damage can be so severe that both the joint capsule and ligaments torn. The pain is usually over after 2-3 weeks. Swelling and pain is minimized and dealt with by RICE principle (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) and rapid rehabilitation when the normal muscle balance restored by eg Wobble Board Training. Recalled because the primary cause of frequent sprains and loose ankles are inadequate rehabilitation.
Sprain of finger joints is a common sports injury that usually happens when a ball is thrown or knocked crooked fingers in all kinds of ball games such as handball, basketball and volleyball. Sprain of the fingers were also seen at least when the finger is bent so sharply that it renounce an injury to the finger ligaments. The ligament is the band that connects the finger bones together. The damage caused by either strain or a tear of the ligament in the finger. Symptoms are pain in the sprained finger or pain when you bend your finger (load level), or swelling in and around the sprained finger or decreased movement in finger joint or instability of the finger (signs of a severe sprain where the ligaments can be torn).
How a sprained finger is treated depends on the severity of the harm such as fracture, luxation or cartilage lesion. At best, kept the finger only at rest - at worst, an operation of the finger may be required. However, as treatment can often make do with supporting the injured finger by taping it together with the neighboring finger. Swelling and pain are minimized by RICE principle (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Possibly in combination with pain relievers such as Panodil Zapp and Voltaren gel. Click more about congestion and sports injuries knee ligament and meniscus >>