Shingles - Herpes Zoster (Zoster or Zona)
Shingles (Herpes zoster, or simply Zoster), is a viral infection caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox in childhood. A skin infection with varicella-zoster virus, which is also known to be capable of cold sores. The cause of shingles is a re-activation of the chickenpox virus, often after having "rested" in the body for many years after you have been sick with chickenpox. Shingles is usually benign and starts as pain in one area of the skin, and after some days there will be a rash that looks like blisters for chickenpox, but appears only in a limited area. Shingles can sit anywhere, even in the face, but most often occurs on the body and always only on one side. The first symptom is a burning pain along a nerve infected with the virus. A few days after the first symptoms produced small blisters on the skin, similar to chickenpox rash. The blisters burst and form the small scabs. The entire process typically takes 2-3 weeks, but after the rash can get very severe pain that can persist for a very long time, sometimes several years. It is this pain that gives the disease the name "Hellfire."
Anyone can get shingles, but there is an increased frequency in children and frequently in the elderly (60 +) with impaired immune systems. Elderly have simultaneously increased risk for pain. Shingles is a viral disease that you can not do anything to avoid. Almost all people have had chickenpox. Shingles can be treated with drugs containing substances that inhibit varicella. To function, treatment should be started as soon as possible, preferably within 3 days after the arrival of the first small blisters in the skin. Medical therapy reduces the risk while for chronic pain. Shingles is contagious and can spread from an affected person to children or adults who have not had chickenpox.
Outbreaks and Treatment of Shingles
Outbreaks can be very painful and often causes a painful, blistering rash. Occurs stinging and burning pain along one or more nerves in the body and there is redness in the same area. After 2-3 days comes in the same area of fluid-filled blisters similar to chickenpox. The outbreak peaked after 3-5 days, while the blisters burst and turn into sores, which later covered by scabs. Scabs that after 2-3 weeks all fallen off. In 9 out of 10 cases, outbreaks of shingles go by itself within a month after symptoms start. It is important to keep the skin around the wounds clean, so no bacterial infection in them afterwards. Most people get only one or maybe two cases of shingles.
One can treat shingles with the same type of pain medication and herpes funds spent by cold sores. The sooner you start treatment, the better it works. In many cases, dusting or use of Zinc liniment eg Poxclin foam for chickenpox or Zinc Calme liniment that soothes and cools sufficiently. During the course there is often a severe hypersensitivity of the skin and a lot of pain in the area.
Contact your Doctor at the earliest possible stage
Is there still fresh blisters, your Doctor will be able to deal with an agent that inhibits varicella. The agent may shorten the duration of illness and prevent the spread of the disease but has no effect on any chronic pain after shingles (postherpetic neuralgia). The physician can also treat a possible accompanying bacterial infection or other complicating illnesses or recommend analgesic treatment with tablets, possibly supplemented with a local anesthetic cream. Viral infections can not be treated with antibiotics, but with special substances which act on one or more types of the virus.
In Elderly patients (60 +) and in bad cases treated shingles (herpes zoster) with antiviral agents such as famciclovir or aciclovir example Zovir, Zovirax, Geavir and Zoviplus or newer agents of the same family from viruses such as Famvir and Zelitrex. If there is a rash on the face, especially around the eyes and nose, as it can damage eyesight for life. There are currently nothing you can do to prevent shingles. There is, however, approved a vaccine to be given at 50-60 years of age, which reduces the risk of you later in life get shingles. The vaccine (Zostavac) is not yet marketed and is expected to be available later. Always ask your doctor for advice and see a doctor at the earliest possible stage.
Councils by shingles
St John's Wort oil is a good remedy for shingles. The oil is used for external rash and can be purchased at pharmacies. It is also a good idea to lubricate with wheat germ oil on the affected place, preferably 3-4 times daily and take extra vitamin C for example, 750 mg three times daily. A good tip is to also dab your skin with bath salts with Pors, and you can take a little honey and lubricate the skin, where you have a rash of shingles.