Prostate. About urination problems, cancer of the bladder neck glands and enlarged prostate.
Bladder neck gland (prostate) is a gland that only men have. Gland surrounding the male urethra just below the urinary bladder, and are generally the size of a chestnut. Cancer of the prostate deleted almost always from gland cells. As man discovers often first prostate gland when in 50 years of age begins to cause problems with urination. As part of the male sex organs internal gland produce much of the seminal fluid, the sperm cells swimming in. The most frequent symptoms of diseases of the prostate are problems with urination, since an increased prostate will pinch off the urethra. As one of the few organs in the body grows prostate throughout life. At birth the prostate weighs only about 1 gram, but from puberty gland grows up to 20 years of age when they weigh 15-20 grams. For most men the prostate begins to grow again from 40-50 years of age. Approximately 10-20% of men have problems with urination. Of these, one third find it difficult to get rid of the water, while two thirds have a sudden strong need to urinate due to an overactive bladder, where others have both problems.
Symptoms of Enlarged Prostate
Cancer of the bladder neck gland is the second most common form of cancer in men. The number of cancer of the bladder neck gland is increasing, partly due to that in the past have been better to make the diagnosis because of new investigative techniques, and that today are more active in making the diagnosis early, the treatment method has changed. Cancer of the prostate is found most commonly in older men and is a disease that develops very slowly. Enlarged prostate may prove differently. The most common symptoms are:
- Relax urine flow - "Start trouble", even if you feel need to urinate - feeling that the bladder is not completely emptied when urinating - Frequent urination both day and night - Sudden strong urge to go, so you can not hold water - Interrupted urination, so that one must use multiple trials to urinate done - feeling that the bladder is not emptied completely - Pain or pain during urination - The Drip. Figure: Bladder: urinary bladder. Rectum: The rectum. Prostate: Bladder neck gland.
Other symptoms of cancer of the prostate can be:
- Blood in the semen or urine, decreased semen volume, quickly developed problems of impotence, pain in the area between the anal opening and the scrotum.
The problems with urination is much non-specific, that is, it is possible to see them by a variety of other diseases. Benign prostatic enlargement is also the leading cause of these symptoms in older men. In severe cancer of the prostate, there is often talk about the spread to the bones, including the spine and pelvis. However, other organs such as lungs and brain, may also be involved. It is thus important to be thoroughly examined by a doctor to rule out that the symptoms caused by prostate cancer.
Diagnosis of urinary problems
The doctor has a questionnaire to be completed to determine what symptoms you may have to particularly troubled by. In this connection, a few days monitoring your intake of fluids and opposite to the driver a urination schedule of when and how much you are urinating. The doctor feels directly on the prostate with a finger in the rectum to assess its size and whether there are other changes in the prostate. Furthermore, examination of urinary infections and renal function is checked in a blood sample. Optionally, the fabric is measured PSA in the blood as it is elevated in prostate cancer. In some cases it may be necessary for a physician to examine your further urination, the urine by measuring the speed of the jet, as well as the effectiveness of the bladder is emptied. Treatment is only needed if urinary trouble bothers you so much that you feel need for treatment. When men with mild prostate problems followed by a couple of years without being treated, gets about 40% is actually better by itself. So there is thus a significant trend that we spontaneously get better, at least for a while. - Click about urinary tract, frequent urination and 'after instillation' >>
Treatment of prostate cancer
Treatment of patients with prostate cancer performed by surgeons, mostly by specialists in urinary tract surgery. The curative treatment is carried out in specific departments and a few private hospitals, while palliative treatment and follow-up can be done in all departments with urological specialists. Is there control of the disease, part of the follow-up eventually handled by GP. Although it does is seriously getting diagnosed with cancer of the prostate, it is important to emphasize that many live a long time after diagnosis. The same applies to patients who are not able to carry out therapeutic treatment. The reason is that there are now means that in many cases, can delay the progression of the disease for a long time. The prognosis for individuals who are diagnosed with cancer of the prostate depends on several factors. Not least, it is very important at which stage the disease is discovered. It is therefore important, as early as possible to be examined by a specialist in the field.
Operation of the prostate in severe cases
In severe cases, surgery is the best treatment. The surgeon leads an instrument through the urethra, which høvler unnecessary prostate tissue of the shavings. After surgery, most men develop retrograde ejaculation, which means that sperm flows into the bladder instead of out of the penis. About 10% can become impotent, while the other 10% conversely get better erection. Approximately 10% will be given a narrowing of the urethra due to scar tissue, which may be corrected with minor surgery. Research is conducted into new surgical techniques. For instance, heating the prostate with laser, ultrasound or radio waves or placing a coil in the urethra beyond the prostate to keep the passage open.
In patients with prostate cancer, where curative treatment is not considered, there are treatments that are designed to inhibit disease progression or reduce symptoms of the disease. Medical Treatment: There are two groups of prescription drugs, which in some may reduce the symptoms, while others will not be helped. Medicines such as terazosin, doxazosin, alfuzosin and tamsulosin relaxes the prostate, which means that urine can better pass. Onset after a few weeks. Side effects may include dizziness, fatigue, headaches and low blood pressure. The drug finasteride prevents the formation of the hormone (dihydro-testosterone), which otherwise gets prostate to grow. The impact is typically felt after three months of treatment and is best in a large prostate. Impotence and reduced sex drive side effects of a few percent of the users. Other relief: In patients with localized pain caused by bone metastasis can radiotherapy to bone have a good palliative effect. Radiation therapy for prostate tissue can be considered as a palliative treatment if the tumor is large and leads to excessive bleeding in the urine.
Prognosis of cancer of the bladder neck gland
Studies show that there is an excess mortality in men with cancer of the prostate. It is estimated that approximately 60 percent of the men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer die of the disease, hence the many, many thousands of men die each year because of cancer of the prostate. At age 50 there is a 10% chance of getting prostate cancer. Risk increases thereafter, the older you get, which means that 75% of all cancer patients are between 60 and 80 years. The statistical probability of living another 10 years after diagnosis found, is about 30%. Risk factors for prostate cancer is well advanced age, including ethnicity, geographic residence location, heredity and diet. Exercise combats prostate cancer: New research shows that exercise can dramatically reduce men's risk of dying from prostate cancer.
Herbal supplements for benign enlarged prostate
Smaller studies show that supplementation with pollen can relieve the symptoms of enlarged prostate. For example empties the bladder better so you do not have to get up so many times at night. Supposedly is better bladder to empty itself, while the sphincter of the urethra relaxes. Herbal: Medicines Agency has approved several herbal remedies to treat benign prostate enlargement. For instance, Nettle root and pumpkin seeds and bioactive Pollen granules cfr small studies alleviate symptoms and help. Best documented, however, extract from berries of saw palmetto for example Prostasan that can be used for bladder trouble condition benign slightly enlarged prostate, the doctor has ruled out another cause of the disease. Studies find that bladder emptying improved the nocturnal micturitions are fewer and urinary flow increased. Dosage: 1 capsule daily. Prostasan can for example be bought at the pharmacy.