Orthopaedic Surgery. About operations on shoulders, elbows, feet, hips and knees

Orthopedic surgery includes operations on shoulders, elbows, hands, feet, hips, knees, back, neck, joints, muscles, tendons, nerves, etc. Modern therapies and new technology makes it possible to treat many more orthopedic injuries than just a few years ago. Not least the insertion of artificial joints in the hips, knees and shoulders are among the most common operations. New advanced equipment for keyhole surgery means that more and more operations are performed in an outpatient or short hospitalizations.


Everyone is aware of the possibility of artificial hip joints or knee joints of osteoarthritis. Few are aware, however, that in some cases also can be inserted prosthesis in ankle or big toe grundled if there is painful osteoarthritis. This has improved the possibilities for many patients who previously might have had to settle with posts in the shoes or leather caps. Specialists can now be much more help patients with a painless condition with new, advanced surgical procedures. In some cases it is still best with rigidifying operations to ensure pain relief. - Click to read more in FAQs >>


The hip cup and the femoral head has a smooth cartilage surface, and when the wear down the cartilage, the surface is uneven and the underlying bone is wear surfaces. It gives pain. When either painkillers or training help, the disease progressed so far that it most likely that a hip replacement will be the sole right to obtain a pain-free joints. Nowadays the most frequently used as a prosthesis type without cement, which is designed to plug into the bone in direct contact with and ingrowth of bone tissue. The prosthesis is made so as to promote bone ingrowth, and so after a short time will grow into the prosthesis.

Artificial hip joints

Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of the fact that there is a need to insert an artificial hip joint. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint is a common condition that can not with certainty know why. Other reasons include the following fracture of the hip, the decay of the femoral head, rheumatoid arthritis and following disorders of the hip as a child. Annually performed thousands of hip surgery. An operation that provides pain relief and functional improvement in most patients. About 9 out of 10 primary prostheses remain in place with satisfactory function for patients 10 years later. Hip replacement Surgery is an intervention which aims to replace Rod and acetabulum with an artificial joint. It means disabling hip disorders that sooner figured belonged to the age, now belongs to the past. - Click to read more in FAQs >>


The bones in the knee include the femur, tibia bone and kneecap. Articular surfaces of the femur, tibia and patella are covered with cartilage, which aims to reduce the load on the joint surfaces. Inside the knee joint, there is an external and an internal meniscus of the knee. The 2 crescent-shaped cartilage discs which are fixed above the shin. They act as shock absorbers between the femur and the lower leg. Around the knee joint is a joint capsule, or right side are reinforced with an outer and inner collateral ligament. In the middle of the joint sitting cross bands. There are a front and a rear cruciate ligament, which both helps to stabilize the knee joint.

Artificial knee

An artificial knee is inserted when the knee is so damaged that it causes great pain, reduced walking distance and impaired movement. In the early to attempt treatment with painkillers and physiotherapy, but when the pain becomes so debilitating that they affect daily functioning or failure to sleep, it's a good idea to consider an artificial knee. There may be several reasons why a knee joint is destroyed, but the most common are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. In osteoarthritis can be made insertion of the artificial parts, either a semi-artificial knee joint, or a whole. These are big operations that require hospitalization, but also acts knee well and almost all are still functioning after 15 years. Click to read more in FAQs >>

Cruciate ligament, loose knee

When the knee feels loose because this is almost always that you have been injured in the knee. Often there will be no damage to either the anterior or posterior cruciate ligament, or damage to hand ligament end, there may also be a luxation of the patella. - Cruciate ligament: The damage can be caused by a full or partial tearing of the ligaments of the knee such as ligaments. In this case, you will initially see swelling in the knee and later feel a looseness in the knee. This means that one has difficulty controlling it during weight-bearing functions such as walking, climbing stairs and the like. Is the anterior cruciate ligament skipped one will typically find it difficult to control the knee during walking down the stairs. If you have damaged the posterior cruciate ligament will typically have problems up the stairs. Cross band need not be completely skipped to have these problems. By partial lesion of the ligament is often seen looseness in the knee. In connection with a cruciate ligament injury, there may also have been an injury to the ligaments on the sides of the knee, which can be examined in a test of doctor or physiotherapist. - Click and read more in FAQs >>


Flexor tendons of the fingers, which runs from the finger phalangeal and out to the outer links are enclosed tendon sheaths. Tendon sheath ensures that the tendons follow the bones in your fingers - even when the fingers bend. If there is a slight thickening of the tendon, there is no longer room for the tendon within the tendon sheath and tendon can be trapped when the finger is moved. Often it is difficult to bend and extend the finger. When the finger is straightened, sitting bow tendon fixed for a moment until the muscle force is great enough to overcome the obstacle of the tendon sheath. You hear a little snap, and the finger be suddenly stopped. Therefore it is called state of 'trigger finger'. The disease is relatively common. It occurs in all age groups and often without an external cause. Patients with diabetes can develop the condition in many fingers, which may require several operations. Patients complain of soreness in the finger grundled and pain when the finger is bent. When the finger is moved, one can also hear the characteristic clicking sound when the tendon passes through the tendon sheath. One can also feel a lump in bending tendon in the palm just bend the furrow. If symptoms persisted for several weeks, is an operation usually required. - Click to read more in FAQs >>

Operation trigger finger

The goal of surgery is to remove pain and jumping tendency of the finger. The operation consists in cutting through a short tunnel at the bow tendon, leaving room for the node. The tunnel can be dispensed with. The operation is performed outpatient. The doctor applies a local anesthetic in the palm of the hand. To reduce bleeding from the surgical year, the operation is performed in blood emptiness. You get a cuff on the upper arm, which is inflated during the operation. The doctor puts a ca. 3 cm long incision in the palm of the hand and cuts through the tight tendon sheath. The skin is sewn together and being brought a bandage. The first day to the hand held high, preferably above heart level. As with all operations there is a small risk of infection, bleeding or phlebitis. There is also always a small risk of damage to other structures in the hand. After 14 days the stitches are removed. The hand may be used as much as it "will help." - Click and read more in FAQs >>


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