Nosebleeds - Acute Epistaxis
Epistaxis or a nosebleed is the relatively common occurrence of hemorrhage from the nose. Epistaxis occurs when a small blood vessels in the nasal bursts. It does not take much. It may be when you sneeze, blow your nose, picking your nose or get a slap on the nose. It can often even stop bleeding with a cotton pad or gauze and at the same time squeezing your thumb and index finger on the soft lower part of the nose so that bleeding stops. Hold and squeeze for 5-10 minutes. Usually it is not hard to stop nosebleeds and even if it bleeds a lot, it is rarely dangerous. Nosebleeds can be seen at times in connection with high blood pressure and blood thinners, arteriosclerosis, infections and alcohol abuse, or in winter when nasal membranes dry out, like a single heavy plaster nose can also get the small blood vessels in the nose to rupture. Nosebleeds can look a little violent, but the vast majority of nose bleeds can be treated without the help of a doctor. Contact the doctor always suspected hypertension or nose bleeding is very heavy, it can be when you get blood thinners.
How to stop a Nosebleed
Sit with your head slightly bent forward. Avoid swallowing blood. Therefore, sit up and lean slightly forward so the blood does not flow down their throats. Shine your nose clean of blood and pus. Then stop the bleeding with a cotton pad or gauze and squeeze while hard with your thumb and index finger on the soft lower part of the nose so that bleeding stops. Hold and squeeze for 5-10 minutes. It starts to bleed again when you release must be squeezed again in 5-10 minutes. Refrigerate any muzzle with an ice pack.
If bleeding continues, stop a cotton ball soaked with nose drops or cooking oil into your nostril. Bleed to very epistaxis, it is important to keep the nasal mucosa moistened by using a saline spray several times a day. Usually it is not hard to stop nosebleeds and actually stops most bleeding spontaneously. In order to prevent further bleeding, you should avoid strenuous activity, heavy lifting and sports, impact or shock to the nose. The first 2-3 days, avoid hot food, hot drinks and alcohol. Heat and alcohol expands namely blood vessels in the nose and can cause bleeding.
Sniff salt water up the nose
Crusts in the nose can be lubricated with vaseline or loosened by sniffing salt water up the nose. Dissolve in a cup of lukewarm water, one quarter teaspoon of fine salt. Keep your head over a sink. Take one tablespoon with saline solution and hold it in your nostril. Snuff in through one nostril and hold the other nostril. Let the water drain out by itself. Rinse nose pierced a 3-4 times, three times daily until the crusts are gone.
Treatment for Frequent nosebleeds by Laser Cautery
Will you keep getting nosebleeds, you should consult an ear-nose-throat specialist, who then can corrode or burn the extended and delicate blood vessels away - or better yet laser treat the bleeding vessel. Treatment by Laser Cautery is widely used today, either local or general anesthetic. The advantage of laser treatment is that the laser affects very precisely on the blood vessel and tissue around the bleeding point there not burnt. Medical can be attempted topical treatment with the special nose drops.