Mammography. About mammography screening and breast lumps, symptoms that require investigation.
Yes, a screening. 'Mamma' means chest in Latin. Mammography is a special kind of X-ray of the chest, where the x-ray of the breast can be revealed itself very early stages of cancer. Found a lump in the breast it will usually be necessary more studies, not just a mammogram, but typically also ultrasonography and needle biopsy. Studies that when all the answers is safe, can reveal whether there is talk about breast cancer or a benign condition such as a connective node, glandular tissue or a cyst.
Symptoms requiring studies
If women who have ever had protruding nipples suddenly develops inverted nipples, it might be a sign of a benign tumor or breast cancer and you should seek immediate medical attention. A number of symptoms that may indicate breast cancer, which should lead to examination by a specialist is such palpable lump in the breast, eczema or ulceration of the nipple, the nipple suddenly begins to withdraw inward, clear or bloody fluid from the nipple, redness, or thickening of the skin on the chest, pain or tenderness in the chest, enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit. Other reasons to be examined can be if there are more cases of breast cancer in the immediate family or if you belong to the age group of women aged 50-69 years who recommended regular mammography screening or if you also have noticed changes in their breasts.
Mammography - X-ray of the chest
Mammography is an x-ray of the chest, taking pictures in multiple levels of breast and armpits so it is possible to see any lumps or other changes. At mammography can detect tumors that are so small that they can not yet be felt. As a rule, take more pictures of each breast, which is clamped between two plates for a few seconds while the picture is taken. In many cases supplemented the survey, as mentioned by ultrasound and there is a presumption of a node into another cell sample with a thin needle.
Pros and cons of mammography screening
Advantages: Small tumors that can not be felt, will be detected early. Thus, there is chance that the cancer has not spread to lymph nodes, which provide good opportunities for healing. Cons: Small tumors can not always seen on mammography. Mon declared healthy, despite the fact that it has breast cancer. Next, in some instances it may be difficult to assess the breast gland tissue, resulting in that it is recalled for a further clinical trial. It does not mean that you have breast cancer. - Click to read more about breast cancer >>
Is there a change by mammography in breast complemented always with an ultrasound examination of the breast and armpit. Ultrasound is also used for the study of young women with very glandular tissue in the breast. Here deemed ultrasound for a better survey method than mammography.
Cell Trial - needle biopsy
If mammography and ultrasound examination demonstrated a nodule, sampled also a cell sample (needle biopsy) from the node exactly to investigate whether there is a benign tumor or breast cancer. One study, which is usually an answer from day to day. - Click for more tissue and mammary tumors >>
Then, when all responses are available, we meet with the medical specialist for a follow-up interview, and here will be notified of the results of the investigations. Is there a need for treatment eg due to breast cancer informed about treatment options, both in the public hospital system in a private hospital.