Knee injuries. About cruciate ligament injuries, meniscal injuries, cartilage injuries, congestion and "loose knees".

Knee injuries are a very common injury among athletes, and can range from minor overuse injuries, which quickly goes into itself again, to serious knee injuries with major ligament damage, which means that the athlete may completely give up his sport. Many of damage is seasonal. In winter, ski injuries predominate, while in spring football injuries and autumn is the basketball injuries that are the most frequent.

Knee Anatomy

The bones in the knee include the femur, tibia bone and kneecap. Articular surfaces of the femur, tibia and patella are covered with cartilage, which aims to reduce the load on the joint surfaces. Inside the knee joint, there is an external and an internal meniscus of the knee. These are two crescent-shaped cartilage discs which are fixed above the shin. They act as shock absorbers between the femur and the lower leg. Around the knee joint is a joint capsule, or right side are reinforced with an outer and inner collateral ligament. In the middle of the joint sitting cross bands. There are a front and a rear cruciate ligament, which both helps to stabilize the knee joint. Cruciate ligament injuries often occur during sports.

Cruciate ligament, loose knees

When the knee feels loose, you will almost always hurt with it. Often there will be no damage to either the anterior or posterior cruciate ligament, or damage to hand ligament end, there may also be a luxation of the patella. - Cruciate ligament: The damage can be caused by a full or partial tearing of the ligaments of the knee such as ligaments. In this case, you will initially see swelling in the knee and later feel a looseness in the knee. This means that you have difficulty controlling it during weight-bearing functions such as walking, climbing stairs and the like. If you missed the anterior cruciate ligament will typically find it difficult to control the knee during stair walk down the stairs and has damaged the posterior cruciate ligament will typically have problems up the stairs. Cross band need not be completely skipped to have these problems. By a partial lesion of the ligament is also often laxity in the knee. In connection with a cruciate ligament injury, there may also have been an injury to the ligaments on the sides of the knee, which can be studied in a test conducted by a doctor or physiotherapist.

Operation of the cruciate ligament

The aim of surgery is to make the knee more stable, so you avoid other injuries. If you are bothered by knee pain, do not expect that this change in operation, with less pain because you have such a meniscus injury or that the damaged ligament is trapped. The operation is performed as keyhole surgery, which means that the new ligament is inserted in the knee guided through a camera. You will then only have 5 small scars. The new wrapper is taken from the tendon between the kneecap and the tibia bone. The middle third of the tendon plus a small piece of bone from both patella and tibia, will serve as your new ACL. It is called BTB. The sampled tendon inserted into the knee joint through a drill canal in the tibia bone and femur bone and attached with two screws. The screws will disappear within 1½ years of time and therefore need not be removed at a later date. The surgery gives immediately a good stable knee, but you should still be careful and do not cultivate contact sports for about 9 months after surgery. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia.

Rehabilitation after ACL surgery

You can, and must immediately post-operatively using knee What is important is unloaded knæbevægelser. Therefore, to avoid overloading. It is recommended that you stay home home the first day and gradually increase activity as you get better. Listen to your knees. After 2 weeks you can start light training on the exercise bike, so the muscles of the lower legs and thighs are trained. Exercise at least 3 times a week for the first month. After about 4 months you can start jogging, but you should only resume your usual sports activity after about 9 months. After surgery you can because of swelling in the knee and pain expect you to be off sick from work for at least 3 weeks or more depending on occupation. The knee can still raise after several days. This is dealt with corsets, which is placed on the knee in the morning and by night. If there is redness, increased warmth, growing, throbbing pain or fever should consult your doctor or clinic.

Meniscus Injuries and twisting of the knee

Meniscus injuries occur most often in a twisting of the knee or when you go down to the blow, but can also occur more insidiously after more common activity. Genes are often pain at the back of the knee on either the inside or the outside, and there came stabbing pain on certain movements. In some worse pain when the knee is coated. Also, in some knee lift up. Damage to the meniscus may be trimmed by laparoscopy, so no more can get something stuck. Sometimes the meniscus in younger sewn or joined together with small redissolve straight arrows. - Click here to read about sports injuries, Don-Joy and rehabilitation after meniscus surgery >>

Anterior knee pain

This is a very common disease that often affects young people. This characteristic is, as its name implies - pain at the front of the knee. The pain is often intermittent in nature and appears in relation to much activity. Deterioration can be seen during prolonged Knee and staircase. Both knees can be bothered. The genes can be triggered by the fall of the knee, but typically occurs without any known cause. It can in many cases because the kneecap is running a little bit awry in the knee crease. Treatment is initially insoles and months of physiotherapy with training of the thigh muscle. Only in rare cases, surgery may be considered and it requires careful elucidation of the cause of the pain.

Cartilage Injuries and blow on the knee

Cartilage Damage usually occurs at a twist or blow to the knee. In a keyhole surgery can damage purified, and one can stimulate the bone to repair the damage. This type of surgery known as microfracture and this is always the first choice treatment for cartilage damage. Approximately 75% recover with treatment. "Mouse" are small pieces of debris that floats around in the synovial fluid and suddenly can become trapped. Can half of the cases seen on a radiograph. Removed by keyhole surgery. Overload: The knee can react with pain of congestion and diseases such as jumper's knee, runner-knee and pain by 'pes anserinus syndrome' are common and rarely require surgery.


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