Influenza - the Flu
Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a contagious infectious disease that attacks the respiratory tract caused by viruses and occurs in epidemics - often in the winter. From the mucous membranes flu virus spread to the rest of the body. Every two to three years seems an outright flu pandemic, which normally lasts four to six weeks, where about 20 percent of the population infected. Influenza usually lasts three to five days and appears frequently as sudden temperature increase up to 40 degrees, accompanied by headaches, pain in the eyes, hoarseness, dry cough and pain in muscles and joints, decreased appetite, rapid pulse with sensation of palpitations and general malaise. Symptoms appear 1-2 days after you have been infected. After 2-3 days the temperature drops and other symptoms disappear gradually. There are three types of influenza:
- Influenzavirus A, is the most frequent and severe with severe symptoms. Turns out usually every two or three years. A flu also known as H1N1 and swine flu.
- Influenzavirus B, has the same symptoms, but not so strong. Pops up every four or five years.
- Influenzavirus C, is the mild version with symptoms closer to the cold.
Show respect for the environment because influenza is contagious through coughing, sneezing, nose, throat or lungs and through the hands with the virus.
How is influenza - and what can you do?
The most common symptoms are chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, headache (often severe), coughing, weakness, fatigue and general discomfort. Influenza is caused by a virus, and therefore can not be cured with penicillin, but only with drugs against influenza virus. Therefore, make sure you rest and relaxation, plenty to drink when you sweat very high fever. Sleep as much as possible and stay indoors. Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol as this will prolong the period of disease. Headache and muscle pain can be treated with common fever-lowering medicine such as aspirin and Paracetamol. Take any cough medicine. You sleep better if sleep is undisturbed by cough.
Influenzavirus Type A & Type B can be treated with Tamiflu (oseltamivir), which inhibits influenza virus. It does not cure flu, but relieves the symptoms and shorten the disease period. Should there be complications with bacteria such as sinusitis, otitis media or pneumonia, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics such as penicillin. There can be vaccinated against influenza. It advises, particular people over 65, pregnant women, people with diseases of the heart and lungs as well as health professionals. Consult Your Family Doctor if symptoms do not subside after a week or if you feel groggy and remove or have very high fever.
A few tips when you have the Flu
It is important that you stay home and avoid contact with more people than necessary until you are infection free. It is also important that you call your doctor instead of meeting up in the waiting room (avoid the risk of infection), and if someone in your household is sick, it's also a great idea to ventilate frequently out and clean frequently with soap special door handles and other places where multiple touches. - Click about tonsils, throat polyps and glandular fever >>
Who Should Get Vaccinated. Who is vulnerable?
Influenza can be dangerous for older people. Especially the elderly in nursing homes and people with respiratory and circulatory diseases should be vaccinated annually against influenza to prevent the flu could be the start of other diseases. Influenza can also be uncomfortable for pregnant women, but are not dangerous to the fetus. Exposed is also staffing in hospitals and nursing homes because they can easily be infected by influenza patients and then continue the infection to other patients before they even have sick leave.
Flu vaccines (the flu shot and the nasal-spray flu vaccine (LAIV)) cause antibodies to develop in the body about two weeks after vaccination. These antibodies provide protection against infection with the viruses that are in the vaccine. Since influenza types changing, it is necessary to make it a fixed annual ritual to get the vaccine if you are at risk or engaged in healthcare. If in doubt, consult a doctor.
Why should people get vaccinated against the Flu?
Board of Health recommends vaccination for groups at particular risk for severe complications of influenza: All persons over 65 years, pregnant women, persons with impaired lung function, asthma, heart disease, diabetes or immunosuppression, persons living in nursing homes, people with other weakening conditions where the doctor determines that influenza poses a serious health risk, health care, among other hospital staff.
Vaccination should be carried out each year in October or november when influenza types are constantly changing. The protection occurs approximately two weeks after you have been vaccinated. Young healthy people can expect to be protected in 70-90 percent of the cases where they are exposed to infection. The elderly are protected only for about 60 percent of cases, but the protection against serious complications, hospitalization and deaths is somewhat higher. The protection lasts only for about 6 months, so you should be vaccinated every year. Small children can tolerate the vaccine. Every year thousands of people die of the regular seasonal flu. Especially the elderly, already weakened.