Worm Infection - Treatment and recovery
There are many different types of worm infection, but the most common generally cause only minor illnesses. Threadworms, also known as Pinworms, are the most common parasitic worms in the EU. Roundworms , also known Asnematodes, are larger, some look more like garden worms and also live in the intestines. They are less common than threadworms. Pinworms are a contagious worm infection which can affect both children and adults. Symptoms of pinworms is itching around the anus, where she worms at night lay eggs in the folds. Ascarids is a parasite, a parasitic worms that live in the small intestine. It gets between 15 and 30 cm long. Anti-parasitic drugs are used to treat threadworms, and a single dose may be all that is needed. All the family should be treated at the same time.
Infections with Roundworms occurs through food or drink that is contaminated with feces. There are usually no symptoms of roundworms, but there may be bouts of nausea and abdominal pain. There are different types of tapeworms. It lives in the human intestinal tract. Tapeworm may be several meters long. Tapeworms usually giving no symptoms but may cause mild abdominal pain, diarrhea and nausea, like tapeworms can cause weight loss. Tapeworms, also known as Cestode, are long ribbon-like worms that can be caught from undercooked meat. Eg by eating too little boiled or fried foods such as raw beef, raw pork or raw fish and contaminated water. Tapeworms infect not directly from person to person and occur relatively rarely in EU, but often in other parts of the world. Pinworms are the most common worm infection in this country and must be treated with an anthelmintic - a deworming. Other worms eg flukes are also occasionally problematic. Overall, the number of worm infections in humans in the EU low, but you should be aware of modes of transmission and symptoms after traveling and living in other parts of the world.
Pinworm - Enterobius vermicularis
Pinworms (Threadworms) are contagious, and as mentioned the most common worm infection in the EU. Pinworm is seen mostly in children but can also occur in adults. Pinworms is up to 10 mm in length, they are white, thin wire, and may, where appropriate, be viewed by the naked eye on a baby's anus or in the stool. Infection occurs only from human to human. Most infected children in kindergartens and schools. The child should not attend the institution again before being treated - a deworming. Symptoms include intense itching at the anus and most of the night. But can also cause decreased appetite, weight loss and abdominal pain. In girls and women can pinworm spread to the vagina and cause vaginal catarrh with discharge. Some infected people develop recurrent infections that may be difficult to eradicate. The infection often disappears by itself after a few years. Although not seen worms in either the rectum or in your stool, your doctor may check for pinworms by collecting a sample, then examined under a microscope.
TREATMENT: Pinworms require treatment with a dewormer such as Vermox or mebendazole, which is available as tablets. Note that the entire household should be treated. A treatment should be repeated after two weeks. In several cases in one family or recurrent infections in the same individual requires repeated treatments often 4 treatments at 2 week intervals. In the treatment of the family, all persons are treated the same day to make action effective. The treatment is safe and gives no side effects.
Pinworms - The most common parasitic worms
Infection is transmitted from human to human. Worm eggs are hatched in the small intestine and the larvae develop through several stages to the adult worm that gets stuck in the colonic mucosa, where there is a 'gendered' propagation. At night she wanders the pregnant worm outside the anus, where it can load up to 20000 eggs in skin folds. This causes intense itching at the rectum, which means that there will often sit eggs on the fingers, which then unconsciously during sleep led up to the mouth and nose, whereby the person rubs herself. Eggs can be kept alive for up to 2 weeks for example, bedding, and dust and then the eggs can be transmitted via inhaled dust, the infection can quickly spread to the rest of the family. One can repeatedly infect themselves by putting their fingers in the mouth or nose, or simply by inhaling dust particles. When the eggs as mentioned can survive several weeks in the environment is thorough cleaning is also important. Mon contagious two weeks after that you yourself have been infected and until that deworming is started.
HYGIENE: Ensure good and thorough hand washing after each toilet visit - and before any meal. Persons with pinworms should take a bath every morning, in order to remove eggs and worms around the rectum. Change frequently bedding and underwear. Keep nails short. If necessary, use cotton gloves at night. Washing must be treated in such a way as to prevent dispersal of the eggs rest of the housing. Ensure frequent and thorough cleaning especially bedrooms. Avoid dust can contaminate food. Avoid eating in rooms where children or adults are asleep. Persons with pinworms should avoid sugar and eat high fiber diet.
Roundworms (Asnematodes) - Ascaris lumbricoides
Ascaris is a 15-30 cm long intestinal worms, a whitish worm is a bit like a large white earthworms. Ascaris is a parasite that lives in the small intestine. In northern Europe, infections with roundworms rare, with less than 1 percent of its population are carriers of intestinal parasite. Risk of infection is closely associated with poor hygiene such as unwashed hands, infection occurs through food or drink that is contaminated with feces. Roundworm eggs are excreted in faeces and can be transferred to humans through food, which is not heated sufficiently.
In Europe, most people infected with roundworm of pigs and the disease appears, therefore, most frequently in children playing in farming areas or staying on pig farms or kitchen gardens, which have been used pig manure. Mild cases give no symptoms, but rarely can occur bouts of nausea and abdominal pain. Typically, it will be a surprise if, after a visit to the toilet suddenly discover that you have had a 15-30 cm long parasite that resembles an earthworm. Children aged 5-15 years are most vulnerable, like roundworms are seen in young children, where parents by changing diapers discovers one or more worms or at worst worm that is on its way out through the mouth or nose. Roundworms can be annoying, but will only rarely cause specific health problems. Ascarids be treated with a prescription anthelmintic daily for 3 days, for example albendazole or mebendazole. Repeat the treatment after two weeks. Thereafter, the infection typically have disappeared.
Tapeworms (Cestoda) - Intestinal worms
Tapeworm is a term for a variety of intestinal worms that can live as parasites in the human gastrointestinal tract, where it develops the nutrients from the intestinal contents. Tapeworm is a rare disease in the EU but is often seen in other parts of the world. Tapeworm can be from a few millimeters to several meters long. The worm is divided into parts, which continues to grow out from the head, while the outer part comes off and passed out in faeces. Most people who are carriers of tapeworms are asymptomatic but may rarely experience mild abdominal pain, diarrhea and nausea, like tapeworms can cause weight loss. Tapeworms are not contagious directly from human to human, and is rare in Europe but are often seen in other parts of the world. Anyone can become infected with tapeworms by eating too little boiled or fried foods such as raw beef, raw pork or raw fish. The infection is detected as a rule, know that you will find traces of the worm in the stool, underwear or linens.
Examination for tapeworms is by blood test and microscopy of stools. Processing of tape-worm happens to prescription tablets such as niclosamide or praziquantel, possibly in combination with a laxative. In case of Cysticercosis caused by an infection with pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, treatment will include special wormers and immunosuppressive medications (corticosteroids). In case of tapeworms, all in the household examined or treated.