The Heart. Nearly 3 billion times through life, pulling the heart contract and pump blood out to the body.

It is possible to be examined and treated for heart disease in private hospitals and private clinics, there is a supplement to the public hospital in the areas where there are long waiting times. This means, among other things, that patients have to wait long for treatment in public, can choose to be treated in private hospitals and clinics. Also for heart disease. Many forms of treatment of cardiovascular diseases is carried out in private clinics such as optimization of medical treatment. More complicated heart surgery such as bypass surgery or angioplasty performed on a few private hospitals.

Cardiovascular system

About 70 times a minute, or almost 3 billion times through life, pulling the heart contract and pump blood out to the body. The circuit supplies the body with oxygen and removes waste products. The heart itself gets blood from the two crane delicate arteries (coronary arteries). It is in these blood vessels to a heart attack frames. Cardiology is the term used for diseases of the cardiovascular system. This includes diseases of the coronary arteries, irregularities of the heart's "electrical system" diseases of the heart valves and heart pump failure and hypertension. There can be many causes of heart failure, and it is important to pay attention to warning signals.

Disturbances of cardiac rhythm

All have experienced the feeling that the heart briefly runs strong, or that it skips a beat. There is nothing abnormal in but 2-4 per cent of the population over 60 years and very few under 60 years, disturbances in heart rhythm that requires treatment. Heart rhythm disorder may occur due to various defects in the pipeline system, and the treatment is dependent on the error in the case of. Symptoms of disturbances in heart rhythm may have palpitations, dizziness or fainting. Heart rhythm disorder may rarely be life threatening. There are several different types of heart rhythm disturbances such as extra beat, slow heart rate and rapid heart rhythms, including atrial fibrillation, atrial fibrillation or flutter. It is normal that the heart beats extra beats. Most of us feel not much for extra layers, while some feel them every time. Discomfort of extra layers or the number of them may be so large that it must be treated with medication.

Heart Failure

Weakening of the heart (heart failure) is not a disease as such. The word "heart" is a term for the symptoms that occur when the heart of one reason or another malfunctioning. A wide variety of cardiovascular diseases may cause heart failure. The main symptom of heart failure are shortness of breath and fluid accumulation in the body. If it's left ventricle, is weakened, accumulates fluid in the lungs. At worst, you can drown from fluid accumulation. If the right ventricle is weakened, fluid accumulates in the legs, liver and stomach. It allows swelling in the legs, and can cause serious malfunctions. Causes of heart failure can be eg coronary artery narrowing, myocardial infarction, valvular heart disease or infection of the heart (endocarditis). Treatment consists primarily of driving the liquid out of the body with diuretics. Furthermore, the heart disease, which causes weakening of the heart, of course, be treated if possible.

Measurements of blood pressure and hypertension

Nearly one in 20 Europeans have high blood pressure. Some believe that blood pressure is normal, if only max heart rate is less than 100+ one's age. It is an old superstition. Blood pressure is measured in one unit: millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and expressed with two numbers, for example, 120/70 (120 over 70). The highest pressure is called systolic blood pressure (shock pressure or max heart rate). The lowest pressure is called diastolic pressure (resting pressure or resting heart rate). Hypertension is defined as a blood pressure that is persistently higher than 140/90 mmHg. The problem with high blood pressure is not so much pressure in itself but that it increases the risk of heart attack, heart failure and stroke in the form of stroke or blood clot in the brain. Hypertension is also called hypertension. If blood pressure is higher than 140/90 mmHg (140 to 90 / max heart rate above resting heart rate), you have high blood pressure.

Resting heart rate is typically measured just after you have woken in the morning. Max heart rate is typically measured after running or thorough heating. Resting heart rate tells you how fit you are. The lower the resting heart rate is, the better the fitness. The average resting heart rate for male is about 60-80 beats per minute and for fwomen 70-90. It is normal for people in poor physical condition have a high resting heart rate. Athletes in good form, will usually be on a resting heart rate about 50-60 beats per minute. If you are in really good shape, resting heart rate come down about 40-50 beats / minute.

Heart attack

Blood supply is interrupted. Some believe that a heart attack is a clot that gets stuck inside the heart. It is not true. You can not get a blood clot that is so great that the interior of the heart are blocked. Heart attack is actually a blood clot in the coronary arteries - the small arteries that supply the heart muscle with oxygenated blood. There are two reasons why a heart attack is more severe than elsewhere in the body. Firstly, the rest of the body directly dependent on cardiac function, so the implications are broader than normal. Secondly, regeneration of cardiac tissue is slow. A heart attack is also known as Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI). Infarction means that the blood supply is interrupted.

Vein stenosis

Vein stenosis causes blood clots. Vein stenosis is a decrease in the veins inner diameter. The disease occurs in the vast majority of cases, in that there is a deposition of cholesterol on the inside of blood vessels. Smoking, hypertension and high cholesterol do Vein stenosis worse and more frequent. Any blood vessel supplying a particular tissue with blood. When an artery narrower, which causes the blood less able to flow through it. This makes oxygen supply to tissue deterioration, and it will perform poorly. Particularly in the coronary arteries is Vein stenosis dangerous because it's the coronary arteries that supply the heart with blood. Vein stenosis is a condition to form clots. In other words, almost impossible to get a blood clot if you have not Vein stenosis first. Vein stenosis also called atherosclerosis. Actually a misnomer, because narrowed arteries calcification usually only after 20-30 years. One could in turn rightly call the disease 'vein-to-fat,' and as the disease is consistently associated with the deposition of cholesterol in arteries. But 'vein-for-fatliquoring' is not a word that has gained ground. - Click to read any of narrowing of the carotid artery >>

Diseases of the heart valves

The heart is enlarged, and blood supply is likely to be inhibited. There are four heart valves in the heart. They function as a kind of valves that ensure that blood flows the right way. There are two types of heart valve disease - Tenose: The valve is accreted (and sometimes calcified). It may not open properly, so blood has difficulty passing through the heart. - Insufficiency: Heart-valve is leaking, so a portion of the blood flows backwards instead of forwards. Both types of heart valve disease makes the heart less effective, so it must work harder to get blood to go around. Eventually the heart will be enlarged. This can cause problems with blood supply to the heart, even with normal rim arteries. One can then get angina (angina pectoris), a symptom that otherwise most visible in the wreath artery narrowing. In some cases you can get fibrillation. The heart may eventually become so overloaded that you get heart failure. The treatment of valvular diseases consists medical treatment or surgery.

Bypass surgery

Every year thousands of people made a bypass operation, which usually is an operation performed when the heart wreath arteries eventually become blocked one or more locations, so the blood can not pass and thus get enough blood to the heart muscle, a bypass operation may be the solution. Bypass means to "pass" and the purpose is to pass the blood - and not through - one or more constrictions of the heart wreath artery. One method is to take an additional blood vessel, for example, a vein from the leg, which at one end sewn to the main artery, while the other end sewn to the rim artery downstream of the stenotic site. Another method is to move an artery, mammaria, which is found on the inside of the chest. Its task is naturally to supply skin and muscles in the chest with blood, but it is dispensable in this function, so the artery instead can be sewn on the wreath artery downstream of the stenotic site. As a new use is also an artery from the arm.

Balloon Expansion wreath artery

The aim of treatment is to expand one or more constrictions of coronary arteries in the heart. A stricture is made up of cholesterol deposits, connective tissue and possibly calcium. When considering placing a small balloon into the narrowed coronary artery. The balloon is filled with fluid at high pressure, whereby the crown extends the artery at the stenotic site. In many cases, it will then be useful to insert a stent - a tubular metal mesh, which helps to keep the enlarged rim artery open. Here, the stent is seated, and gradually grow a layer of cells over the wire strands, corresponding to the cells that normally holding the vessel wall. The entire balloon enlargement products from ½ to 3 hours depending on the severity of the disease. In less than 1 percent of the cases, complications arise, which may for example result in an emergency bypass surgery. After stent therapy treated patient with a blood clot preventer medication up to a month. For about 90% of PTCA-treated patients is the result of surgery well and the pain disappeared. But in every 4 cases eventually become blocked vein again within one year after surgery, and a repetition of the treatment - or a bypass operation may therefore be necessary. Click here to read about chest pains and pains around the heart and chest >>


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