Hay fever - Allergic Rhinitis
Hay Fever (Allergic Rhinitis) is a form of allergy that affects the eyes and nose. Hay fever manifested by pronounced "cold symptoms" with sneezing, nasal itching, red itchy eyes, nasal congestion and watery rhinitis, like you get tired. Hay fever can occur throughout the year and is sensitivity compared to microscopic airborne substances such as fur or tree pollens, grass pollens or molds. Typical birch pollen in early spring, grass pollen in early summer and mugwort pollen in late summer. Pollen allergy may also appear in that one can not tolerate certain nuts, fruits and vegetables. If you have hay fever symptoms all year round, one may also be allergic to dust mites, which are mainly located in the bedclothes, just as one may have developed an allergy to dog, horse or cats. Millions and millions of people suffer from hay fever. The disease occurs slightly more often among men than women. There are often several, which has, in the same family. Instance, it has up to 50 percent risk of having hay fever, if both parents have allergies, and the risk is even higher if both parents have allergic rhinitis, which is 2-3 times higher than in families where there is no allergy. Hay fever is particularly frequent if you have asthma.
Medically distinction between 'Intermittent allergic rhinitis' and 'Persistent hay fever' and two different severities 'mild hay fever' and 'severe hay fever'. - What you are allergic to the doctor will tell you - either by skin prick test or blood test. There are various medicines for allergic rhinitis such as tablets, capsules, nasal sprays and eye drops. Medicine, typically containing anti-histamine, steroid or cromone. Furthermore, you can even try to avoid or minimize contact with pollen, you can not tolerate. The prognosis for hay fever is good. In most cases, the symptoms decreases with age. Some individuals, however, a highly increased risk of developing asthma. One should therefore go to the doctor if you notice any symptoms, which may be due to asthma such as prolonged dry cough, intermittent shortness of breath, night cough and wheeze.
Hay fever and Pollen Seasons
Do you have hay fever due to pollen allergy, it is helpful to follow when it is the season for the pollen to which you respond to the hay fever, pollen seasons follows:
- Spring: Hazel Pollen, partial pollen and elm pollen in the early spring months, birch pollen in May.
- Summer: Grass pollen in June and July.
- Fall: Mugwort pollen in august.
Pollen quantity can vary greatly from year to year depending on weather, like hot and dry weather allows more pollen in the air than cooler and wet weather. You can also get help in your day to have minimal contact with pollen using tools such as Pollen Calendar, Today's Pollen and Today's Pollen Alert. On the pollen calendar, you can see how an average season looks and thus see how the season we are. Today's pollen tells how many pollen in the air right here and now measured in selected cities. Today's Pollen Alert is a view of the expected amount of pollen in the coming days - a planning tool.
Medicines for Hay fever
Depending on the symptoms, there are several options for treatment, while it may be a good idea to keep a journal of pollen, symptoms and medication use, so you can get an idea of how much medicine and what medicine you need to take in relation to pollen volume and season. There are foods for the eyes and nose, there are systemic treatments and medications are injected:
Antihistamine. Tablets and capsules with antihistamine works on a runny nose, sneezing and itching of the nose, but only weakly on a stuffy nose. Histamine is one of the substances the body releases when an allergic reaction. It is histamine that cause itching, runny nose and watery eyes and makes you sneeze. Medication with antihistamines prevent histamine to cause allergy reactions. Antihistamines are available over the counter such as Telfast and Duact - and a prescription.
Steroid (cortisone). Nasal Spray with steroid has good effect on all symptoms in the nose. They work better on nasal congestion than other forms of hay fever preparations over the counter. The spray should be preventative and be stuck in a period. Nasal Spray with steroid available over the counter eg Beconase and Flixonase - and a prescription.
Cromoner. Eye drops with cromoner inhibit the allergic reaction and used if there are symptoms from the eyes. Can be used alone or in addition to other medicines. If you use soft contact lenses is recommended you use eye drops without preservatives. Eye drops with cromoner available over the counter like Lecrolyn and Lomudal.
Other treatment. In severe forms of hay fever steroids can be used as short-term oral treatment or injection. For some, it is relevant to an allergy injection. You can be vaccinated with either injections or melt tablets. The choice of treating physician shall, in cooperation with you based on an assessment of your symptoms and disease severity.
Natural Herbs and Herbal Remedies for Hay Fever
Garlic in the form of capsules Garcin, in a study where a significant improvement of rhinitis in 80 percent of the participants. A standardized extract of garlic, which do not give unpleasant odor after ingestion. - Nettle and horseradish are excellent agents for rhinitis, and it is also bulbs, because of the large content of bioflavonoidet quercetin. If you suffer from hay fever, try to drink 3 cups nettle tea spread throughout the day. Begin where appropriate to drink nettle tea one month before the start of pollen, so your body is prepared. The effect is much better than when the allergy is first broken out, and the body is already stressed. Nettle does not taste as strong and is ideal for tea.
Perilla herb that originates from the East has emerged as a powerful soothing agent for the treatment of allergies such as hay fever. It is available as Perilla leaf, liquid extract, capsules or chewing gum. - Vitamin C is a natural antihistamine, but it must be taken twice daily during the season in fairly large doses such as 750-1000 milligrams. - When the pollen season is over, one can in good time before the next hay fever season begins, try the homeopathic remedy Sensi Stop or the corresponding Oral mat, available in health food stores. Rinse your mouth with it daily for a long time and the body's ability to react allergic reduced significantly, and allergies can disappear.