Dietary Supplement. Nutritional supplement the normal diet with ingredients of plant, animal or mineral origin

Dietary supplements are defined as food and cover a wide variety of products that complement the normal diet. Products containing different substances and ingredients such as fatty acids, dietary fiber and other ingredients of plant, animal or mineral origin. Supplements is not a drug, so there is no requirement for the effect. Actually it is illegal to directly express that a dietary supplement has an effect on disease. However, there are requirements for the manufacturer of the dietary contribution that the product must be of a certain quality, and it may not contain such bacteria or impurities. It should also indicate how much is in a particular substance, eg d-vitamin. Supplements are, then, as the word also indicates that a subsidy to the diet. It may be, for example vitamins and minerals, but may also be fish oils, or products with the plant substances which rose-hip or garlic. Supplements used if you do not get the necessary supplements of substances through the diet with the risk of getting a deficiency state. Examples of dietary supplements are vitamin B1 and vitamin B6, vitamin C, zinc tablets and iron tablets. Dietary supplements fall under the Food Administration, where the products are recorded and monitored in line with food in general. Manufacturers of dietary supplements must be referred to not advertise that their product has an effect on disease or to treat or cure illnesses or symptoms. If a manufacturer advertises that the dietary supplement act against such "rheumatism," so it is illegal because it is a medical indication. However, producers may want to write: "Good for your joints." Studies show that many take supplements.

Who benefits from supplements?

Supplements can not replace a meal. It is important that you get vitamins and minerals, fiber, proteins, carbohydrates and fats from food, because food contains a lot of other vital substances such as enzymes and antioxidants. However, the dietary supplements benefit people who are in a special situation. Food Authority has a number of recommendations for people who find themselves in a particular situation, which makes a contribution to the diet can be a good idea:

  • Small diners older, we recommend taking a multivitamin preparation or mineral preparation.
  • People with dark skin recommend a daily supplement of 10 micrograms of vitamin D.
  • People who get very little sun exposure of the skin due to very little time in the outdoors, or who will be covered are recommended vitamin D supplementation of 10 micrograms.
  • Older than 70 years, nursing home residents or those with increased risk for osteoporosis is recommended supplements of vitamin D at 20 micrograms combined with a daily calcium supplements of 800-1000 milligrams.
  • Infants recommend a daily supplement of 10 micrograms of vitamin D from 2 weeks to 2 years and 8 milligrams of iron from the age of 6 months to 1 year after the agreement with the physician or healthcare provider.
  • Children with dark skin and / or children who are covered, recommended supplements of vitamin D at 10 micrograms.

Children between 0-9 years with allergies to milk recommends a daily calcium supplement of 500 mg. From the age of 10 is recommended to take a daily calcium supplement of 750 mg. It may further be useful to children with milk allergy eat a multivitamin if their diet is unilateral. Calcium supplements are available as tablets and effervescent tablets. Be aware that children at the earliest to take tablets from 1½ years old. Before that age is a risk that the child gets the tablet choking.

Supplements and Pregnancy

If you wish to become pregnant, are pregnant or breastfeeding, you should be extra careful before you start using a dietary supplement. Follow the precautionary principle. It is strongly discouraged to take supplements in addition to those recommended by the authorities unless it is done by appointment with your doctor, midwife or health visitor. Board of Health recommendations:

  • Women who will be pregnant and pregnant in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy is recommended supplements of 400 micrograms of folic acid daily.
  • Pregnant recommended daily supplement of 10 micrograms of vitamin D throughout pregnancy and 40-50 milligrams of iron from the 10th week of pregnancy.

It's a good idea as pregnant, follow the above recommendations on extra folic acid, vitamin D and iron, and it is always a good idea to talk to the midwife, health visitor or doctor for further information. We now know very little about the potential risk of pregnancy damage and birth defects when it comes to dietary supplements containing such plants and pure substances. It is therefore advisable to completely avoid eating dietary supplements in pregnancy, in addition to the grants recommended by the authorities.

Supplements and Children

It can be dangerous to children and adults alike to high doses or very high single doses of vitamins or minerals. It is always a good idea to stick to it on the product recommended daily dose. When deciding which product to choose, it's a good idea to look at the content of vitamins and minerals on the back of the product. Children's vitamins and mineral pills typically contain 100% of the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamins and minerals for children between 1-10 years. Some products contain far higher levels than the 100% RDA and some places recommend that very high doses of vitamins and minerals for children.

Supplements and Youth

New knowledge about young people's intake of nutritional supplements and a possible risk of an excessive intake of vitamin A. Food & Drug Administration does not believe that there is no acute risk. If you eat a healthy and balanced diet (see Dietary Guidelines), you also get plenty of vitamins and minerals. Different foods contain different vitamins and minerals, so they eat a varied body gets easier the vitamins and minerals it needs. The most common supplements are vitamins and mineral supplements. They can contain one vitamin or mineral or a range of vitamins and minerals in a so-called multi-vitamin or mineral supplements. Advice for young people - and their parents: Food Agency recommends eating a healthy and varied. A healthy and varied diet contributes not only with vitamins and minerals, but also with other substances, which are important for the body's functioning and development, generally have no need to take supplements of vitamins and minerals.

Side effects of dietary supplements

Supplements also have side effects or effects that are undesirable. When operating, it is important that you have not eaten a food supplement that is blood eg Gingko biloba, garlic, ginger, vitamin E and fish oil. It is whether it is registered as a dietary supplement, herbal or high consumption in daily cooking. Vitamin K helps blood to coagulate, which means that if you have tendency to form blood clots, then it is recommended not to eat vitamin pills with Vitamin K.

Rules for content of dietary supplements

There is a Food & Drug Administration establishes rules for the minimum content and maximum levels of vitamins and minerals in food supplements. In addition, the Food Administration set rules on which sources of vitamins and minerals you may use in the manufacture of dietary supplements. Other agents that have a nutritional or physiological effect, e.g., amino acids and fats, or it may be natural ingredients with a high content of substances with a nutritional effect. Supplements may also consist of concentrates or extracts from ingredients containing active substances which affect the nutritional or physiological such as rosehip, which has a high content of vitamin c. Supplements are allowed to add additives such as flavors or preservatives, if they are approved for use in food supplements. For example, a multivitamin, a dietary supplement, unless it contains very high amounts of vitamins and minerals, then recorded it as "powerful vitamins and minerals" and fall under the Medicines Act. However, most substances and ingredients as a starting point used in dietary supplements. However, it is essential that the product has a nutritional or physiological effect and not harmful to health, and dietary supplements may not contain drugs or substances that are subject to doping law or narcotics. At the same time supplements are always placed in small aliquots for example in the form of pills, capsules and liquids and powders designed to be taken in measured small unit quantities with the recommended daily dose. Products are marketed as dietary supplements must be labeled "Food supplements".


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