Wounds and Scratches - Tetanus vaccine
A wound is a type of injury in which skin is torn, cut or punctured (open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (closed wound). Who has not tried to get a wound that bleeds for a bruise or that it might have cut himself. The vast majority of sores and abrasions can be done at home using soap, water, gauze and plaster. No matter where the wound is located, or if the wound is large or deep acting first aid to stop bleeding, cleanse the wound from dirt and then just connect or patches wounded. Use patch which is not too tight. Burns rinsed with tap water for at least 15 minutes. Minor cuts and abrasions do not need a Doctor, if you are fully vaccinated against tetanus. A larger wounds that go deep into the skin, which yawns or is torn up, or where to look fat and muscles in the bottom, usually sewn or kept well with 'Steri-Strip' Wound Closure System (Butterfly plasters), which also restricts a subsequent scarring . A wound heals within 1-2 weeks. If there is inflammation of a wound, it turns out by swelling, heat, redness and soreness. Inflammation appears earliest after a few days.
Treatment of minor wounds
Stop the bleeding. If that does not stop bleeding by themselves, so pressing a clean cloth or bandage against the wound. Clean the wound with clean water. Try to avoid soap directly into the wound. If there is still dirt in the wound after washing, use a clean tweezers to remove the impurities. Thorough cleaning reduces the risk of tetanus. Clean the area around the wound, use soap and wash cloth or disinfectants as chlorhexidine. Join or patches the wound so that the wound edges fit together. Use patch which is not too tight. Determine the need for vaccination against tetanus. Watch for signs of inflammation. Larger wounds that go deep into the skin, which yawns or is torn up or where you can see the fat and muscles in the bottom, usually stitched or held together with Butterfly plasters eg Steri-Strip Wound Closure System. - Contact the doctor if the wound must be glued or sewn or shows signs of inflammation.
A wound usually heals up within 1-2 weeks. The first day cleanses the body even wounded. After 4-5 days to form a crust over the wound and after one week under the skin is growing crust. The crust will fall off after 10-12 days and will prove a scar. The wound must be kept clean and dry. Switching frequency depends on the wound, but basically the wounded have peace and quiet. Take the new patch, if it becomes damp or wet. If there is inflammation in the wound, it turns out by swelling, heat, redness and soreness. Inflammation appears earliest after a few days.
Tetanus and Tetanus vaccine
Each time you incur a wound or being bitten, you should check his tetanus vaccination, as tetanus vaccine only has a duration of 10 years. Is vaccination too old, you should contact her doctor to get a new vaccination. Many EU citizens are vaccinated as children, and is thus immune from at least 10 years. Then you should be vaccinated again if you get a contaminated wound or being bitten. There should not go more than 24 hours before being vaccinated against tetanus. Most children over 1 year who have followed the Vaccination program is protected until they are 15 years old (National childhood vaccination schedules of EUVAC.NET countries). A vaccination against tetanus is extremely important because tetanus is a disease that affects the nervous system. If tetanus occurs, the muscles go into spasm and in extreme cases, can stop breathing.
Burn Wounds - First Aid
Burns and fire wounds requires water - lots of water. Most burns affect only the skin. Rarely, deeper tissues, such as muscle, bone, and blood vessels can also be injured. Burns may be treated with first aid, in an out-of-hospital setting, or may require more specialized treatment such as those available at specialized burn centers. First-degree burns do not require medical treatment. Is it a child under 2 years old, you should always consult your doctor at an incineration. All third-degree burns and most of second degree burns, requiring medical treatment. As a guideline said that burns larger than a palm, and burns of the face on the neck, hands and a crotch all require medical treatment. - Click more on burns and wounds >>
Sores and Blisters in Mouth
You can get mouth ulcers due to infections of the mouth, but you can also get mouth ulcers due to damage from a sharp tooth, brace, filling or disturbing dental prosthesis. Hard brushing can also cause ulcers in the gums and mucosa. Blisters can sit anywhere in the mouth and typically starts as a small liquid-containing bladder, which breaks down and turns into a wound. The wound is typically yellowish in the center and surrounded by a red zone - painful sores that come and go. The sores are not contagious, is not dangerous and heals by itself. - Click about the blisters and sores in the mouth >>
Cold sores are usually on the lips. A cold sore is a contagious disease caused by infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV). Herpes is mostly at the lips, but can also sit on the penis, vagina or skin. A cold sore goes through various stages and the disease often begins with redness and an unpleasant tingling or burning sensation in the skin at the site where the blisters later appears. - Click more about Cold sores >>