Depressed. Depression, stress and anxiety symptoms and the symptoms of depression

Depression is both common, but serious illness. Millions of people suffer from mental illness, but many people do not seek professional treatment. Even more experience milder forms of depression. It is believed that twenty percent of all people are depressed for a shorter or longer periods of their lives. Depression is not indicative of a weak personality.

Depression affects mood, thoughts and body

Depression is a disease which affects both mood, thoughts and body. The mood is bad and you feel sad and unhappy. Thoughts about oneself and others, one's past and the future changed and distorted. Depression also affects sleep, appetite and energy level. If you suffer from depression can not simply pull themselves together and get better. You need professional help. Without treatment, depression can last for between six months and one year. With proper treatment, 8 out of 10 depressed experience a noticeable improvement within days to weeks. Depression can destroy lives both socially and jobmæssigt and bring life in danger because of suicide risk.

Talk to your doctor

It can be difficult even to see if you are depressed. Depression is like having dark glasses. It affects one's view on everything, including oneself. The nearest are often difficult to detect a depression. They are too close to see the person clearly. If you suspect depression is always a good idea to talk with her doctor. The doctor can examine the physical diseases that can trigger or be confused with depression. The doctor also knows about the medicines you take for other diseases may be of importance. More than one in ten get winter depression. The dark months are hard to get through. Depression and sadness seeps in, while the energy leaking out. Treatment with light therapy in particular can make life easier in the dark months, but the treatment is not as widespread as it should be.

More women than men suffer from depression

Studies from different cultures and countries shows that treating depression is consuming roughly equal spread from country to country. Approximately 4 to 5 percent of the population will be at a given time depressed. Women are affected twice as frequently as men. There are several plausible explanations. One reason may be that women are better than men to ask for help when they feel bad. There are also some who believe that men develop specific symptoms that make diagnosis more difficult still.

Symptoms of depression

Some depressed feel sad or miserable for fashion, while others find it hard to feel anything at all. It is as if their feelings are paralyzed. They often feel extremely tired and extremely difficult to pull themselves together for anything. A depressed person often plagued by guilt and self reproach over not turn on or over the things he has done wrong in the past. Some have trouble falling asleep, or wake many times. Others have a very agonizing inner agitation, restlessness and anxiety, which means that they can not find rest. Because of these symptoms, the depressed feeling that death would be a relief, or that she does not deserve to live. Suicidal thoughts are often seen and should always be taken very seriously. Approximately 10-15 percent of the severely depressed commit suicide if they do not get treatment. The appetite is under a depression is often reduced. In some cases seen the opposite - highly increased appetite especially for carbohydrate-rich foods. When looking specifically at the so-called winter depression. The following conditions by increasing the risk of depression:

  • Persistent stress and strain. Short term stress can provide extra energy and motivation, but prolonged stress is unhealthy and can develop into depression. You may also be depressed by protracted sorrows and worries. Whether the depression is due to external or internal conditions may be treated with medication may be necessary. Both to provide relief, but also because you can be stuck and can not handle and solve its problems.
  • Physical illness can both mimic and cause depression. Certain metabolic disorders, vitamin deficiencies and disease which makes one tired and weak, may be confused with depression. Other physical illnesses can cause depression. For instance, heart disease, stroke and Parkinson's disease, we know can trigger a depression, without necessarily caused concern about the disease.
  • Some types of medicine: medicine for high blood pressure and heart rhythm disturbances, and treatment with corticosteroids may in some cause depression.
  • Alcohol and drug abuse: Overuse of alcohol can cause or exacerbate depression. If one calms his sadness with alcohol, it will in the long run deteriorate. Amphetamines and ecstasy can cause depression which can be severe and prolonged. 

Treatment of depression

If you suffer from depression it is important to get treatment. The earlier treatment starts, the faster it works and the less damage will be the effect of depression on one's private and professional life. It has also been shown that prolonged or repeated depression increases the risk of future more severe depression. Treatment should be adapted to disease severity. Depression constitutes a spectrum from relatively mild forms to severe life-threatening diseases. At the mild to moderate forms are specific types of talk therapy effective. Moderate and severe depression can be treated with both psychotherapy and medication. In severe forms of depression combining talk therapy with medical antidepressant treatment to quickly get the symptoms under control. The most serious depression can be treated with electroshock.

Herbal medicine with St. John's Wort can help with depression

Does St. John's wort in depression? Several scientific studies show St. John's wort effect compared with different types of antidepressant medications. Studies have shown that St. John's Wort is broadly in line with other more common remedies for mild to moderate forms of depression such as herbal hypericum VELZINA, one based on the standardized extract from the medical plant St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum). VELZINA aids in depression, despondency and sadness. - When can I use St. John's Wort? In cases where your depression is only mild to moderate and where other treatment gives you side effects. Treatment of depression is always a matter for the doctor. Therefore, talk to your doctor before using any start taking St. John's Wort.

When I can not use St. John's Wort? You need to have medication and not St. John's Wort if you have severe depression. Indeed, a large study showed that St. John's wort appears ineffective in severe depression. Do not use St. John's Wort if you have a depression that requires you to be hospitalized. If you are receiving other medications, you should always consult your physician before taking St. John's Wort. The advantage of St. John's wort has fewer and less severe side effects compared to more conventional means. St. John's Wort is also cheaper. Yet research shows that St. John's wort is as good as other antidepressants in mild to moderate depression.

Depression often comes back

There is a high risk that the depression is restored. It is therefore very important to prevent the disease. This is done primarily by not stopping too early for treatment. A rule of thumb that you should continue at least a half to a full year of treatment, after one has recovered. There are several places self-help groups, where you both can share their problems with others and hear about others' experiences.

Post-traumatic stress, PTSD

Posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD is a mental disorder that occurs after you have experienced or witnessed life-threatening events such as war, torture, rape, assault, car accidents, natural disasters, fires, serious accidents, terrorist attack or a sudden and unexpected loss of someone you are closely linked. The disease that occurs after a sudden unexpected loss or accidents do not really belong to depression, but mentioned anyway, partly because it can be confused with depression, partly because it often becomes an actual depression.

WHO definitions and criteria

World Health Organization WHO has developed definitions of various mental illnesses that require treatment. Proper interpretation of these criteria requires considerable medical experience. Whether or not there is a depression depends, among other things on the severity of the symptoms. For example, we have some of the symptoms mentioned in slight degree in between. But for the "count", you must have them every day or almost every day all day through at least 14 days. At least two of the following symptoms: 1) Feeling of sadness. 2) Markedly reduced desire / interest. 3) Reduced energy , severe fatigue. And at least two of the following: 1) Reduced self-confidence or self esteem. 2) self-reproach, severe guilt. 3) Thoughts of death or suicide. 4) Thinking and concentration difficulties. 5) Severe internal disturbances or the opposite: inhibition. 6 ) Sleep disorders. 7) Significant changes in weight or appetite. - If there are two of the first criteria and two of the next, you have a mild depression. To a moderate depression include at least 4 of the symptoms of the second group. A severe depression have all 3 symptoms from the first group and 5 of the symptoms from the last group.

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