Depressive and Mental health. When does depression psychiatric or psychological treatment?
Sometimes we get symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, depression or lighter penalty features without needing treatment. Conversely, other people so hard hit that they need psychiatric help for long periods of life. However, mental disorders much more frequently than is commonly assumed. Worldwide suffer millions of people at any time of depression, anxiety and abuse. In addition, many people suffering from severe psychosis and dementia. Yet mental illness has always been surrounded by taboos and myths, and even perhaps every second family actually comes in contact with treatment services. People who are depressed, experiencing sadness, despair and hopelessness. They find it hard to believe that they can ever get well again. It is a natural part of the depression.
Depression often develops gradually. Symptoms may be experienced as sadness, crying trend and loss of ability to feel anything. Typical characteristics are also fatigue and decreased energy, and reduced ability to enjoy and feel interested in it, which usually led engagement. Frequent accompanying symptoms are disturbances of sleep and appetite, often with weight loss. Decreased sexual desire is also a frequent symptom. In addition, there is often reduced self-esteem and reduced self-esteem, excessive self-blame or guilt and delusions of guilt. Tanks company is often slower and less effective, which may contribute to confusion and indecision. The motor speed can also be decreased. In the most severe degrees can the depressed lie motionless. Speech is often slow and monotonous. Constipation, dry mouth and sweating occurs. Varying degrees of suicidal thoughts are frequent. Sensory disturbances occur occasionally or in severe cases, hallucinations, where the sufferer hears voices. The various symptoms will often lead to varying degrees of social isolation and generally reduced social functioning, and ability to care for their own necessities may be decreased. Depressions are divided into diagnostic system for severity. The causes of depression is unknown, but several factors come into play. For example, the heritage of significance, although the genes are not found. If a father or mother has depressive episodes, there are approximately 10-15% chance that the children also receive some type of depression. Precipitating factors such as stress and strain, can be detected in most cases.
Treatment of depression
If there is a depression, unlike the short-term crisis reactions, treatment should be organized by a doctor. In the simplest case of depression, various forms of psychological treatment may be sufficient, but in other cases, medical treatment is necessary. Severe depression, including depression with suicidal risk, and decreased fluid and food intake should often be treated in hospital. Sometimes one can be forced to take compulsory admission for reasons of patient survival. However, is the treatment of depression most often in a combination of medication and psychotherapy. The general rule is that severe depressions treated with medication, in the most difficult cases with electroshock while mild depression first seek treated with psychotherapy, and only by lack of efficacy with medication. Prevention and long-term treatment is essential in many cases. Debut age for depression is usually 40-50 years. Untreated, depression is usually from 6 to 12 months. Chronic depression of up to several years are not uncommon, especially in the elderly. The disease often comes back. - Click symptoms of depression and how mood, thoughts and body are affected >>
About manic depressive illness
The disease is called bipolar affective psychosis - commonly called manic depressive illness. A lifelong disease that manifests itself in periods of manic euphoria and periods of deep depression. Some have even numbers of mania and depression, as many other manias or depressions. Men's illness usually begins with a mania, women with depression. Between fluctuations are normal periods, but eventually there may come persistent weakness of the brain. People who have developed a depression or mania, that is morbid excitement, has an inherent vulnerability that allows them to continue to tend to react to the pressures and stress of severe fluctuations in mood and atmosphere. It is important to recognize this vulnerability and develops its own ways to protect themselves or to respond more appropriately to. The disease often begins at 20-25 years of age but can appear as early as 14-15 years of age, or in some cases even before. The manic and depressive symptoms are opposites, like light and darkness. About half of sufferers develop a form of abuse, either by alcohol or drugs. The abuse exacerbates naturally process and increases the risk of suicide. Approximately 15-20% of sufferers commit suicide. The vast majority come out in large social and family problems if not taken special treatment. These include the cohabitation problems loads of kids, dismissal from jobs and divorce.
The treatment of manic depressive
Recent studies suggest that a combination of medical and psychological treatment can reduce patients' risk of getting sick again significantly. If the preventive treatment given alone, either as a preventive drug therapy or as preventive psychological treatment, the effect is not nearly so great. Primary disease is treated with medication, but it is important that it be accompanied by thorough information about the disease and its prevention. If there are psychotic symptoms such as delusions or hallucinations or risk of suicide, hospitalization and treatment is usually needed.
About the disease schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a brain disease that gives changes in thoughts and behavior. The disease can be characterized by periods when you are unable to distinguish between reality and their own performances. The disease affects both sexes equally frequently and typically begins in 15 to 30 years of age. For both patients, relatives and society is schizophrenic one of the most puzzling, painful and costly diseases known. Symptoms may occur singly and in all possible combinations. They can be easily and they can be extremely pronounced. The cause of schizophrenia is not known. However, there is undoubtedly a hereditary factor. In addition, about half of patients abusing alcohol or drugs. The disease can appear insidiously or acutely. When schizophrenia develops insidiously, they pull out more and more into herself. Isolating themselves from family and friends. The schizophrenic can also be careless with personal hygiene and lose interest in education, jobs and general chores. You can have sleep disturbances, concentration problems, so-called ambivalence and changes in emotional life. Drug abuse and an awareness of occult may also be a part of the image. In the majority will eventually get periods marked by hallucinations such as visions, voices, smell, taste or touch. There will also be delusions, often bizarre or stalking embossed, or incoherent speech. Some will have symptoms from arms, legs and the rest of the body where they, for example, freezes in strange positions. It belongs to the disease that, in periods not have insight into his illness. You can not even see that you are ill and need treatment. Often, the treatment actually included in the patient's persecution performances. In these disease stages may be necessary to forcibly treat and compulsory detention to protect the schizophrenic and the surroundings. More than 10% commit suicide.
Treatment of schizophrenia
You offer your diagnosis through conversation and observation of the schizophrenic. To rule out other causes for the symptoms to make a physical examination, often accompanied by blood tests and other tests. Although the causes of schizophrenia are unknown, there are treatment such as a combination of medication, talk therapy and social support that can dampen and sometimes nearly eliminate the symptoms, so that one can be active, living with family and enjoy life. Schizophrenia is treated through a combination of the anti-psychotic medication, talk therapy and social work. However, schizophrenia is usually a lengthy illness, which is not healthy to take medication, but the length and takes the top of the acute episodes, improves the negative symptoms and reduce the social consequences.