Dental calculus - hardened Dental plaque. Dental cleaning, Oral hygiene and Brushing. Provides tartar Caries and Gingivitis?

It is important to an understanding of what causes the tartar, caries and gingivitis. For example, the bacteria on the teeth forming coatings (plaque) with tartar and caries holes to follow, because the teeth are not brushed perfectly clean. It is very different from person to person how much calcium you have in the saliva, and therefore also different how big a "tooth stone forming" one is. Formed tartar below the gum line, these are gingivitis and perhaps paradentosis. If you tend to form tartar, you should be extra careful to brush and floss. A significant proportion of dentists and dental hygienists time is precisely for preventive treatment or 'prophylaxis', which is the medical term for prevention.

What is Dental Tartar - Calculus?

Dental tartar is a problem as almost everyone knows and sadly sitting tartar so fast that it requires a professional tooth cleaning to get it away. Tartar (dental calculus) is plaque, which formed lime. Plaque is the greasy, sticky and whitish coating, which remains formed on tooth surfaces by bacteria. Plaque is the cause of caries tooth decay, gum inflammation (gingivitis) and periodontal disease (periodontitis). When lime is formed in the plaque from saliva, it becomes tartar, which sits in a layer on your teeth. Tartar is formed mostly of the gumline. The process can be compared with calcification of the water in the taps and showers. The limestone of tartar comes not from drinking water but from our saliva. There are large differences from individual to individual in terms of the amount of plaque which they form. There is a tendency for the amount of plaque increased with age. Tartar can also form below the gumline. The limestone in this kind of tartar comes not from saliva, but from the fluid leakage and bleeding, which occurs in the periodontal pocket due to gingivitis or periodontal disease. Tartar has a rough surface that can hold on the plaque. Tartar be removed in order to prevent more serious conditions as periodontal disease and caries holes develops. In addition to plaque dental health threatening, it may also be a cosmetic problem in that dental calculus is porous, and therefore more quickly cause cloudiness.

Dental Teeth Cleaning

The teeth should be cleaned periodically. By scaling removes all hard (tartar) and soft (plaque) coatings, and as far as possible all the stains from tea, coffee, tobacco and other foods, which sits above the gums. Where tartar below the gum line, you have either gingivitis or periodontitis, which requires an extensive dental treatment. Tartar removal with hand tools or with an ultrasonic cleaner which gently removes tartar and bacteria without the healthy tooth is damaged. Once you have removed the tartar from the teeth, plastered all teeth with pumice and polishing paste, so the teeth and any fillings get as smooth a surface as possible. Most people can cope with dental cleaning and polishing of teeth every six months. Both dentists and dental hygienists make teeth cleaning.

How does one know whether you have Tartar?

The largest amounts of dental calculus is typically formed on the back of the front teeth in the lower jaw, and on the front of the large molars of the upper jaw. The most common sign of tartar is a yellow or brownish hard coating along the gumline, which can be easily seen and clearly felt with the tongue tip. Please talk to your dentist or hygienist about any problems with tartar. Own the prevention of tartar formation occurs through an effective oral hygiene, which removes plaque and here makes use of a toothpaste specifically targeting calculus (tartar control toothpaste). A toothpaste, which both prevents the formation of tartar and helps remove stains such as Colgate Tartar Plus Whitening or Zendium Mild Antitartar. When dental calculus is formed, only the dentist or hygienist, which can remove it. Removal of dental tartar is called scaling.

Deep Teeth Cleaning

Where tartar below the gum line, these are gingivitis and perhaps paradentosis. It is more difficult and requires more time to remove these coatings than to carry out a regular dental cleaning. In more severe periodontal disease, where there are pockets of 5-6 mm between the tooth and gum, the dentist will typically perform a deep cleansing of the periodontal pocket. This means that each of gingival crevice be rinsed thoroughly, possibly under local anesthesia. Often made cleaning several times.

Periodontitis is characterized by bleeding from the gums and deepened periodontal pockets caused by bacteria that attack the bone and fibers that hold teeth in place. The majority of cases can be managed by the cleaning down of the gingival pockets with ultrasound or with a scraper. Are the pockets so deep that the dentist can not get to clean thoroughly as usual, it may be necessary surgery of the gums to get a better view. It's not a big place. An incision in the gums, so you can lift it to the side so the root surface can be cleaned and the inflammation is removed. Then sew the gums back together. This ensures that all the tartar is gone and that the gums are getting the best conditions to heal again.

Sugar Free Gum Dental

Daily chewing sugarless gum for example V6 with xylitol and urea is a good idea, since the production of saliva is increased and the mechanical machining of chewing gum between your teeth helps to keep them clean. Every time you eat and drink your teeth are attacked by acids that give caries tooth decay because the pH of the mouth falls. When the pH value decreases the risk of caries holes (decay). If you chew example V6 after a meal restores your mouth's natural pH level and reduces the risk of holes. It is also possible to buy fluoride chewing gum pharmacist if you have high susceptibility to tooth decay.

Oral Hygiene - Brush Your Teeth

Brushing is essential for good oral hygiene. Make sure in this context that the toothbrush is small, the toothbrush is soft and brushing done with "rubbing movements." Place the toothbrush at the border between the teeth and gums and brush with a little rubbing movements or "rounded zeros". Brushing should be systematic. Start the same place every time and brush both sides of the outer and inner sides and finally chewing surfaces. With tongue can tell if teeth are smooth, or whether there is still stuck along the gums.

  • Toothpaste: Use of a toothpaste with a fluorine (fluorides) and without the foaming agent (sodium laureth sulfate) that are not necessary in a toothpaste and which can cause blisters in mouth cavity. Fluoride strengthens tooth enamel, protecting teeth against cavities and helps prevent sensitive teeth. A toothpaste for tartar is eg Colgate Tartar Plus Whitening, which both prevents the formation of tartar, whiten teeth and prevent caries tooth decay. The toothpaste contains a system that works in two ways. It helps to remove stains that occur on the surface of the teeth and prevents the formation of tartar. Fluoride content: 1100 ppm as smoking or daily consumer of coffee and tea may be helpful in every 2 months, use toothpaste with abrasive such as Colgate Sensation White
  • Tooth Spacing: You can use spaces toothbrushes. They come in various sizes to suit the very different sizes of interdental spaces where bacteria and food debris settles. Most adults can benefit from using "bottle cleaners" one or more places in the mouth. When you put the brush into space the first time, it will often bleed a little and maybe do a little sore, but do not worry on that account. It does not bleed, because there has been damage to the brush, but because there is already a small open wound caused by plaque (bacterial coating). Gums bleed only when it has been damaged by plaque. After using the interdental brush in 8-10 days, the gums everything up and it will stop bleeding.
  • Mouthwash: Do you have problems with braces, sensitive teeth, or you have many fillings can eg FLUX mouthwash that has a high fluorine content (910 ppm) would be a good addition to daily brushing, with fluoride rinse to prevent caries, inhibits plaque and freshening breath. Available at the pharmacy or dentist.
  • Dental floss and toothpick: Flossing is also used to keep the tooth spaces clean with. A flat, expanded floss can be recommended. It is easy to work with and removes bacteria and food particles between teeth. Unfortunately, dental floss be a little difficult to use. Also toothpick is used to keep clean the interstices. Toothpicks should be triangular and can be made of plastic or wood formed after tooth spaces, which by nature is triangular. The flat side turned toward the gums and bacteria and food particles rubbed off.

Last but not least, it is important to have regular visits to the dentist or dental hygienist. Even if you do not think there is something wrong with your teeth, there may nevertheless be a caries hole or gingivitis in the offing.


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