Dental Fillings - Dental Restoration. About Tooth Fillings, Dental caries, Dental Cavities and Tooth decay.
Dental Fillings or Dental Restoration. A dental filling is a type of restorative dentistry treatment used to repair minimal tooth fractures, dental caries, tooth decay or otherwise damaged surfaces of the teeth. Dental filling materials are made of composite, plastic, porcelain or silver amalgam. In severe cases it may be necessary to have a gold or porcelain inlay. Both solutions, which are a more expensive.
Dental fillings and materials by Dental Cavities
Dentist's have four basic types of filling materials to repair a tooth, plastic (resin), porcelain, silver amalgam and gold. Therefore, do you have Caries, talk to your dentist about which filling material that will fit best in your situation. The thing is it that today there are many more options for filling materials than before, and your choice may depend on a combination of looks, price and function. Some of the materials that can be used in dental fillings, are:
- SILVER (AMALGAM): also known as silver amalgam seal is a mixture of metals including silver, copper, tin and mercury. Amalgam is the most studied dental materials, and they are strong, durable and inexpensive, but many people do not like the look of silver. Amalgam is not commonly used in the incisors. Meanwhile, amalgam being phased out in dentistry, which is done for environmental reasons.
- PLASTICS (COMPOSITE): Is the composite resin restorations made from tooth colored mixtures of glass and resin. The composite has the color of the tooth, and therefore can be used, where one does not wish that the filling can be seen. Fill The form adapted and harden when exposed to ultraviolet light. The composite plastic is not suitable for large loads, because it wears with time, and relatively easy to break. Plastic fillings can eventually become discolored by coffee, tea or tobacco. The shelf life (3-10 years) is almost as good as for other materials.
- CERAMICS: Ceramic fillings are often made of porcelain and are popular for people who want a natural looking tooth. Ceramic fillings are durable, but can be tough if they hit against the natural teeth. The dentist has to make sure that you bite properly and that the ceramic crown is smooth to prevent wear on the teeth. Porcelain insert secured with a special plastic art, and manufactured to fit the tooth color, and they are more resistant to discoloration. The treatment is relatively expensive.
- ACRYLIC FILLING: glass ionomer filling material which is popular because the material excrete fluoride and thereby help to reduce the risk of caries. Glass ionomer is often recommended for areas where there is so much pressure, and often placed at the tooth root or incisors. They are often used to treat milk teeth in children.
- GOLD: Gold fillings are sturdy and does not corrode and can hold up to 15 years. Many people like the look of gold fillings, but gold is relatively expensive and require multiple visits to the dentist. However, many dentists believe that gold is the best filling material.
Note by Repairing a Chipped or Broken Tooth, it may be advisable to have restored the tooth with a crown. Caries that has reached into the tooth's nerve (pulp) may be either treated with a root canal where the damaged nerve is removed or dentist can try with a less extensive treatment and tries to keep the tooth's nerve alive.
Treatment of Dental Cavities - holes in teeth caused by Tooth Decay
When the dentist must stop a caries attack, first remove the damaged and soft tooth substance. The purified hole may then be filled with the filling materials, as described above. If you have a big decay in a tooth, you will no doubt need a filling. But decays can be where you can not see or feel them. Looking something abnormal investigated this further with special instruments. At the clinic can be X-raying your cheek teeth (bitewing) or, if necessary, take x-rays of all teeth. Decays that are under development in the tooth spaces, evident on a x-ray. When it's time to have made the decay, the dentist will numb the area with local anesthetic. If you are very nervous about repairing Tooth decay, the dentist may advise you on various relaxation techniques. If the decay is very large, the dentist may place a liner over the decay before filling comes in. When the filling is in place, the dentist will clean and polish it - and you can go home.
Note that your lips and gums may be sedated during the first hour, so chew your food well and avoid thick in that part of your mouth where your new filling is placed. It is normal that the tooth is a little sensitive in the first weeks after a filling. You can also try to avoid anything that causes it, such as extremely hot or cold food. If sensitivity persists after a few weeks, you should contact your dentist. And if you feel pain in the tooth when you bite together, you should contact your dentist as soon as possible - you may have altered flooding. Do not be afraid if you feel a little pain or sensitivity in the teeth next to the filled tooth. The nerves of the new dental fillings, which "sends" pain signals to the other teeth. It is normal and will usually disappear within a few weeks.