Burns - First Aid for Burns
Most burns affect only the skin caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, light, radiation or friction. The typical combustion takes place in connection with cooking and barbecue. The most common cause is scalds. Actually happening half of all burns in the kitchen by scalding from boiling water, hot coffee, grease, oil or from hotplates and cooking. Often, the child sacrificing as a result of an overturned kettle or coffee machine. Put things away from children. Another frequent cause of burns, open fire and barbecue. For instance, water is 54 degrees hot offers deep burns in just 30 seconds. But water is just 44 degrees hot, by prolonged exposure damage skin. Burns may also occur as a result of injury from electricity, radiation and corrosive chemicals. Also fireworks has caused some burns. Burns are divided into levels depending on the damage depth. The picture shows a First degree burn >
- First degree burns: The damage is superficial. Is indicated by a reddening of the skin, and pain. Only the outer layer of the epidermis is damaged. A typical example is sunburn. Incineration does not provide long-term generation besides stinging for a few days. Does not require processing in addition to rinsing with cold water.
- Second degree burns: The damage has penetrated deeper into and form blisters in the skin. The skin can break or fall off with a moist, pink or red wound surface as a result. Is very painful. Typically, scalding with hot coffee or tea. A 2 degree burn heals in 2-3 weeks, depending on how large and deep burn is. The deep 2 degree burns heal with scars, while the more superficial heals without scars. Regardless of the type required medical treatment.
- Third degree burns: The damage has penetrated through all layers of skin. The skin is charred or white and lifeless. The surface can be tough, and feels like cardboard. Not very painful because the nerves are destroyed. Typically, a burn from fire or boiling water. The damaged tissue covers all the skin layers and can go down into the underlying tissues and can not heal, either must be transplanted skin and also shrinks the wound with severe scars as a result. Requires medical treatment and surgery.
Most importantly, any combustion immediately cooled with cold tap water or ice cubes or a bag of frozen vegetables from the freezer wrapped in a towel. Cool immediately - even before you may contact the Doctor. Cooling should continue until the pain has disappeared, which may take several hours. Do not apply cream or ointment on it slows healing. Contact your doctor if after the continuous cooling is still Second degree burns on face, hands or joints. Doctor or hospital is urgent, at 2 and 3 degree burn over a larger area after the initial cooling.
Burns and Fire Wounds requires water - Lots of water
Burns and fire wounds requires water - lots of water. Rinse at least one hour. Most burns affect only the skin. Rarely, deeper tissues, such as muscle, bone, and blood vessels can also be injured. Burns may be treated with first aid, in an out-of-hospital setting, or may require more specialized treatment such as those available at specialized burn centers.
First degree burns do not require medical treatment. Is it a child under 2 years old, you should always consult your doctor at an incineration. All third degree burns and most of second degree burns, requiring medical treatment. As a guideline can be said that burns larger than a palm, and burns of the face on the neck, hands and a crotch all require medical treatment. During transportation to the doctor if possible still flushed with water, or use wet clean towels.
Do not puncture the Blisters
Do not puncture the blisters and never use fire ointments or other old advice. - Water is the right thing. In order to avoid infection, it is important that burns washed well within the first six hours, and the wounds are kept clean until they heal. If signs of infection such as increasing redness, swelling, heat and throbbing pain after a few days, seek medical attention. In severe burns can get scars.
About Tetanus Vaccination
It is important that it burned vaccinated against tetanus. Each time you incur a wound, burn or get bitten, you should check tetanus vaccination, as tetanus vaccine only has a duration of 10 years. Is vaccination too old, you should contact your Doctor to get a new vaccination. There should not go more than one day after the accident before being vaccinated.