Abuse problems. About Alcoholism, Alcohol abuse, drug and narcotics abuse. Know someone who has it?

Do you have an abuse problem - or know someone who has one? Dependence granted not of alcoholic or drug addict because the addict rarely can or want to see the problem and the fatal consequences of its own family, colleagues, friends and jobs. Dependence on alcohol and drugs exist in all walks of life. There is a certain threshold that marks when, in the case of dependency, abuse. The disease is chronic why a normal relationship with alcohol is no longer possible. At the same time the disease control why the road to recovery is that the family or anyone other than the addict themselves must take the initiative and show vigor, contact a treatment center.

Only through other people's empowerment will depend on the ability to manipulate its abuse. In most major cities is an alcohol clinic, where anyone can approach. You can turn completely anonymous and need not be registered. Alcohol-ambulatory have assigned specially trained doctors, nurses and social workers who can help you.

Alcohol habits - it is your life

According to the National Institute of Public Health has 8 per cent of men drank 30 drinks or more within the last week. Many abusers are very good at hiding their addiction for too long. However, it is too costly to wait until you are sure of his case - for both the addict and the workplace. Hunches are usually right, so spend some time finding out what they spring - they can become more concrete and useful? Therefore, you as a leader, colleague, union representative or the person responsible for taking care of such cases, exceed the hard limit and ask the question:

  • Is alcohol the real cause of that it has started to go wrong with work or mood or health, or what have now led to the suspicion of abuse?

There is no assurance of an honest answer. But regardless of what is a formulated alcohol policy, which clearly show how the rules are and what remedial measures are present and known, a good basis for a proper conversation about the issue.

Work and addictions

Abuse is not a private matter. Abuse of alcohol, drugs or substances is not only a problem for the addict himself. There is also, or may become, a problem for family, friends, work colleagues and workplace. If you do not timely get something done about the problem, there is a high risk of job disappears and then friends and family. This knowledge has led many companies to decide how to handle alcohol abuse also in the workplace. As a rule, formulated in a drug abuse or alcohol policy. People with addictions are not always easy to handle. It is very difficult to be sure, and often will, before you take action, like some tangible evidence that there actually is an abusive place. Sometimes they manage to find the evidence, sometimes not.

Alcoholics can be divided into types

Alcoholics are driven by different underlying motives. There are those who drink because they are depressed. Some do it to relax, and then there are those who drink of sheer boredom. The British Department of Health Research, is behind a study that is now becoming the cornerstone of a new and comprehensive alcohol campaign in the UK. The nine types of drunkards characteristics and motivation:

  • Depressed alcoholics: Is the middle of a life crisis. May have lost relative, gone through a divorce or have a financial crisis. Primary motivation: Uses alcohol as solace and as a form of self-medication to cope with everyday life.
  • Relaxation drunkard: A lot of pressure at work or at home can give the feeling of being out of control and burdened with responsibility. Primary motivation: The alcohol is used to relax, calm down and regain a sense of control in the switch between work and private life. Partners often support or reinforce the behavior by serving drinks.
  • Community drunkard: Typically appropriate for those who have a very tight social life. Primary motivation: Alcohol is the unifying factor that unites. They often forget the time and how much they drink.
  • Traditional drunkard: Traditional types who think that going to a bar every night is something all men do. Primary motivation: explain away as, time for themselves. The bar is their second home, and they feel a strong sense of belonging and acceptance in the environment.
  • Social drunkard: Drink in larger groups of friends. Primary motivation: The sense of cohesion that arises in the group. Alcohol gives a feeling of security and gives meaning to life.
  • Boredom drunkard: Often only mothers or newly divorced with a limited social life. Primary motivation: alcohol is a kind of company that replaces the absence of other people. Alcohol marks the end of the day or the completion of duties.
  • Macho drunkard: The feeling of being undervalued, made powerless and frustrated in important areas of life. Primary motivation: has fostered a strong 'alpha male' that are connected to their abilities when it comes to alcohol. Alcohol is associated with a constant need to assert their masculinity and their status to others.
  • Enjoyment drunkard: Single, divorced or with adult children. Primary motivation: Large intake of alcohol is a visible way they express independence, freedom and youth. The alcohol is also used to release inhibitions.
  • Heavily dependent: Men who practically live in a bar. For them, it's like a second home. Primary motivation: A combination of motives as boredom, the desire to fit in and a general feeling that there is too much misery in their lives.


Typical signs of alcohol abuse

New figures from the Health Protection Agency shows that inconceivably many drink so much alcohol that they need treatment, yet only about 4% of addicts actually receiving treatment, making alcohol to one of the major societal problems. The boundary between consumption and abuse are not unique, but the Board of Health recommends that women drink no more than 14 drinks per week and men no more than 21st This is equivalent to two and three drinks a day. Do you have a drinking above these levels may pose a health risk and you should cut your spending down. - Typical signs of addiction are:

  • Whose alcohol consumption begins to cause problems in relationships with family, friends and jobs
  • If you no longer can rely on yourself for example in the form of drunk driving
  • If alcohol is too large in everyday life and you are eager to drink
  • if you still get greater and greater urge to drink
  • If you override other activities to drink
  • if you go on drinking for several days in a row
  • if you get withdrawal symptoms when you stop to drink
  • if you can tolerate greater quantities without getting so drunk as previously
  • if you get physical illnesses caused by alcohol
  • If you're in a social disruption, loss of job, divorce and deal with alcoholics

The chances of escape of harmful drinking is good. However, this requires that you yourself are prepared to take action. Once you have developed a dependency syndrome is the opportunity to again be able to live a normal life much worse. In other words, it is essential to be treated as early as possible.

Typical signs of drug abuse

In general, dependence on drugs a huge problem that is also easier to conceal than, for example alcohol abuse. If you take any medication without the existence of a medical prescription and a disease that underlies the prescription, it is called drug abuse. However, polydrug use, where drugs are used in combination with alcohol, marijuana or other drugs is a growing problem. - Dependence on drugs is characterized by that in a long time have had more of the following symptoms:

  • of control and we therefore take more medicine than you planned
  • can not withdraw drug consumption or completely stop
  • experience intense and irresistible urge to take your medicine
  • withdrawal symptoms on cessation such as inner restlessness, increased heart rate, sweating, tremor, or mild fever
  • you continue to take medication even though it goes beyond health
  • require increasing doses of medicine to achieve the same effect
  • medicine dominates life, and becomes more important than to go to work and function socially

The most common types of addictive drugs is the pellets with different types of morphine as well as anxiolytic drugs or sleeping pills containing benzodiazepines. It is no easy task to get out of a drug abuse, especially because you get withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking this medicine. Thus, it needs the supervision of a doctor who can help to organize the necessary tapering of the medication and possibly prescribe medicines that can counteract withdrawal symptoms. And then you need help to solve the problems that might be causing the abuse. Drug dependence are treatable and chances for success are often just as good as the treatment of addiction to alcohol.

Treatment of Abuse

The aim of treatment is to free itself from dependence, giving the addict a new zest for life and create a lasting renewed quality of life. Treatment in a recognized treatment center will usually take place at that as a new client afruses in close consultation with the doctor and therapist. After primary therapy products at least a month and will typically include intensive therapy and treatment individually and in groups. As part of therapy, the client and his family often receive offers of aftercare and family course.

If you are a relative and want to help can be difficult to know how best to do it. Often, or can a person who is dependent not see his problem. Have you tried without success, you can seek help from a recognized treatment center, which will then send out a deal that will help you to clarify. Experience shows that it can be very difficult to stand alone. As caregivers, it is also important to provide support before, during and after treatment, also it is necessary that you get help for your part of the process. Most of the addicts' closest is the belief that if only the abuse stops, the rest will resolve by itself.

It is that simple unfortunately. Countless times, the family has namely been forced to sort out and cover up the addicts' behavior. It may have been necessary to lie or cheat. It is, inter alia, that pattern, there is a need to change. Therefore it is important that you become serene and gain insight into what affects you. The goal should be is a recovery that can give the whole family quality of life back.

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